Zhang Zhung: Foundations of Civilization in Tibet : a Historical and Ethnoarchaeological Study of the Monuments, Rock Art, Texts, and Oral Tradition of the Ancient Tibetan Upland
Using archaeological, anthropological and philological methodologies, Zhang Zhung presents the formative elements in the development of civilization in Upper Tibet, the vast upland north and west of Lhasa. Part I of this major work provides a comprehensive examination of the monumental and aesthetic traces of the Metal Age and early historic period in Upper Tibet. Based on a field survey project of twelve years duration, the morphological, constructional, mythological and cross-cultural traits of the region's visible archaeological wealth are described in detail, laying the groundwork for the meticulous textual analysis that follows. In Part II of the book, annotated translations of numerous excerpts from Bon and Buddhist texts present the traditional view of Tibet's ancient past. These indigenous literary accounts of the early cultural, religious and political complex of the Plateau are in turn systematically compared to the archaeological record, revealing critical points of agreement. Zhang Zhung has pioneered the application of empirical evidence to gauge the historicity and significance of Tibetan Bon sources. Part III is devoted to the study of the archaic funerary heritage of Tibet, which proves to be highly useful with regard to analyzing the cultural evolution of the Plateau. New perspectives on the identity and contributions of the Tibetan ethnos are obtained by subjecting Dunhuang and Bon textual materials to rigorous archaeological and ethnographic interpretation. Considerable effort has been devoted to analyzing Tibetan funerary literature and to discerning its links to northern Inner Asian mythology and burial practices of the first millennium BCE and the first three-quarters of the first millennium CE. Critically edited transliterations of the Tibetan works, tables of all the surveyed archaeological sites, bibliographies and extensive indexes complement the main text.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
THE ARCHAIC CULTURAL HORIZON SITES OF UPPER TIBET
22 other sections not shown
afterlife ancient animals appear archaeological archaic cultural horizon archaic funerary tradition Asian bang-so bdud bon-po Bronze Age btsan-po Buddhist burial Byang-thang cardinal directions cave century clan complex construction corbelled corpse dang Dang-ra dbal dead death deceased deities demons divine do-ma Dolanji Dunhuang early historic period edifices enclosures erected existence function funeral ritual funerary ritual funerary structures Ge-khod geographic gling gnyan gshed gshen gShen-rab Gu-ge horns horse human imperial period indicate Inner Asia Iron Age khyung king lineage located mchod-rten millennium BCE mkhar Mongolia monuments mountain mtsho Mu-cho Mu-cho'i khrom-'dur Nakhi oral tradition origin petroglyphs pillars prehistoric epoch radiocarbon rdo-ring rdzong region religious residential rites rock art Ru-thog Scythian sheep slab graves slab-wall soul srin stelae steppes sTon-pa stone Sum-pa summit swastika tantric Tashtyk culture Tibetan Plateau Tibetan Text tombs turquoise types ungulates Upper Tibet walls wild yak wing Zhang-zhung