Discoveries: The Calendar History, Lore, and Legend
We take the measurement of time for granted, yet our lives are punctuated by dates: Ramadan, New Year, Halloween, Mother's Day, tax day, birthday, payday. Dome events are worldwide holidays, while others are celebrated by only a few. At what point in history did humankind begin to organize time? How did the patterns of the sun, moon, and stars influence the way we mark our hours and days? When and how did we establish the cycles of time that make a season, a decade, a century, or a millennium? The calendar is an indispensable tool for ordering and recording events. Many cultures have developed independent calendar systems, and religions have also played their part in the story. The modern western calendar, accepted today as a global frame of reference, is the fruit of a long and tumultuous history. This illustrated book traces the scientific, technical, and political history of calendars: the story of time itself.
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AN ANCIENT CHALLENGE
THE JULIAN CALENDAR FROM CAESAR TO CHRISTIANITY
AN INSTRUMENT OF MEASUREMENT
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16th century 8th century bc adopted almanacs ancient Arab astrology astronomical became began beginning Bibliotheque Nationale birth book of hours calculate calen called Carnival celebrated century bc Chinese Christ Christian Christmas church civil clock computation counted culture cycle date of Easter dating systems dayes December depicts divisions duration earth Egypt Egyptian Emperor endar established extra day feast days February festivals French Greek Gregorian calendar Gregorian reform harvest heaven holidays holy January Julian calendar Julius Caesar Left Lent liturgical lunar calendar lunar months lunisolar calendar manuscript illumination March Maya measure medieval moon movable feast Musee Muslim names Nationale de France organized pagan Paris Pataphysical periods plant political Pope popular precise religious Revolution rites Rogation Days Roman calendar Rome sacred saints seasons September Shabbat society solar calendar spring stars Stephen Jay Gould summer solstice Sunday thythm traditional trans twelve universal vernal equinox week Zodiac