History of Humanity: From the seventh to the sixteenth century
Sigfried J. de Laet
UNESCO, 1994 - Civilization - 682 pages
Volume IV deals with the 'Middle Ages'. It starts with the expansion of Islam and closes with the discovery of the New World. Various events during this period led to a significant expansion in communications: the rapid spread of Islam and of Gengis Khan's Mongol Empire, as well as the Crusades and the development of trans-Saharan and maritime routes around Africa to the Indian Ocean, leading to multiplied exchanges between the peoples and cultures of Africa, Asia and Europe.
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List of Maps
List of Plates
THE INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION
The Configuration of European Personality
The Muslim World and its Arabian Zone
The Asian World
The African Continent
Civilizations of the Americas
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Abbasid Abﬁ Africa al-Andalus al-Din Almohad Almoravid Anatolia Andalusian Arabic architecture areas astronomy Baghdad became Buddhism Byzantine Byzantium caliphate Carolingian Central Asia centres China Chinese Christian Church cities civilization conﬂict conquest Constantinople cultural developed difﬁcult dynasty early East Eastern Egypt eighth century eleventh century emperor Empire Europe European Fatimid ﬁeld ﬁfteenth century ﬁgures ﬁnally ﬁrst ﬂourished fourteenth century Greek groups human important India inﬂuence Iran Iranian Iraq Islamic world Khurasan king land language later Latin literary literature Maghrib major medieval Mediterranean military Mongol mosque Muhammad Muslim ninth nomads North northern ofﬁcial Ottoman period Persian philosophical Plate poetry political population Prophet Qur’an reﬂected regions religion religious Roman rulers Saint Samanid Sasanian scholars schools scientiﬁc Seljuk seventh signiﬁcant Slavs social Spain speciﬁc Sultanate Syria tenth century thirteenth century trade tradition translated Transoxania tribes Turkic Turkish Turks twelfth century Umayyad urban West Western