Finding Metaphor in Grammar and Usage: A Methodological Analysis of Theory and Research
Cognitive linguists have proposed that metaphor is not just a matter of language but of thought, and that metaphorical thought displays a high degree of conventionalization. In order to produce converging evidence for this theory of metaphor, a wide range of data is currently being studied with a large array of methods and techniques. Finding Metaphor in Grammar and Usage aims to map the field of this development in theory and research from a methodological perspective. It raises the question when exactly evidence for metaphor in language and thought can be said to count as converging. It also goes into the various stages of producing such evidence (conceptualization, operationalization, data collection and analysis, and interpretation). The book offers systematic discussion of eight distinct areas of metaphor research that emerge as a result of approaching metaphor as part of grammar or usage, language or thought, and symbolic structure or cognitive process.
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analyzed approach to metaphor areas of research behavior Blending Theory Bowdle Chapter class-inclusion cognitive linguistics cognitive processes cognitive-linguistic comparison conceptual domains Conceptual Metaphor Theory context contrast converging evidence corpus linguistics count as metaphorical cross-domain mapping data collection deductive approach discourse discussed distinct example experimental explicit finding metaphor forms and conceptual forms of metaphor Gentner Gibbs Glucksberg grammar and usage ical indirect instance interpretation introspection involves Lakoff and Johnson language and thought language users lexical linguistic expression linguistic forms manipulation meaning meta data metaphor identification metaphor in grammar metaphor in language metaphor in usage metaphorical language metaphorical mappings method methodological metonymy nonliteral similarity nonmetaphorical nonverbal data observation operational definition particular phenomena polysemy Pragglejaz processes and products psycholinguistic question role semantic sentence simile source domain specific structures of metaphor study of metaphor symbolic structure target domain tion typically underlying conceptual usage event various verb verbal data versus