WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality: Dampness and Mould
WHO Regional Office Europe, 2009 - Architecture - 228 pages
When sufficient moisture is available, hundreds of species of bacteria and fungi -- particularly mold -- pollute indoor air. The most important effects of exposure to these pollutants are the increased prevalence of respiratory symptoms, allergies and asthma as well as disturbance of the immune system. Preventing (or minimizing) persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and building structures is the most important means of avoiding harmful effects on health.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the scientific evidence on the health problems associated with this ubiquitous pollution and provides WHO guidelines to protect public health. It also describes the conditions that determine the presence of mould and provides measures to control its growth indoors.
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adults aged agents air-conditioning airborne allergens Allergy alveolitis Aspergillus assessment asthma asthma symptoms atopy bacteria bioaerosols biological building envelope cell children aged 6–12 Cladosporium climate Clinical concentrations condensation Cross-sectional studies current asthma damp buildings Damp housing damp indoor environments dampness and mould Dampness at home Dampness or mould dampness-related disease Douwes dust mites dyspnoea endotoxin Environmental Health epidemiological etal evidence exposure fungal fungal spores fungi glucan guidelines heating house dust house dust mites increase indoor air quality indoor dampness infections inflammation inflammatory inhalation Institute of Medicine Jaakkola levels lung macrophages measure Risk estimate Mendell microbial growth Microbiology microorganisms mould growth mould measure Risk mould odour Mouse mycotoxins nasal occupants outdoor air Penicillium pollutants relative humidity respiratory symptoms Risk estimate 95 risk factors Rylander samples Self-reported dampness Self-reported mould specific spores Stachybotrys chartarum tion Toxicology toxins ventilation rates ventilation systems visible mould volatile organic compounds Water damage wheeze