The Kurds of Turkey: Killings, Disappearances and Torture

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Human Rights Watch, 1993 - Civil rights - 59 pages
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International standards for the use of lethal force
 

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Well, I do not think so this book reflects correct things, even from looking at it superficially, it can be easily understood that it has a lot of bias against turkish government. One of goal of this book may be to support ongoing terorism activities happening in southern turkish and iraq region with the help of terrorists from either syria or ermenia in addition to people from kurdish origin in order to acquit these terorist activities.  

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Page 16 - Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in contravention of this article when it results from the use of force which is no more than absolutely necessary: a in defence of any person from unlawful violence; b in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; c in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot or insurrection.
Page 16 - In time of public emergency which threatens the life of the nation and the existence of which is officially proclaimed, the States Parties to the present Covenant may take measures derogating from their obligations under the present Covenant to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation...
Page 16 - Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials...
Page 40 - Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment...
Page 16 - Law enforcement officials shall not use firearms against persons except in selfdefence or defence of others against the imminent threat of death or serious injury, to prevent the perpetration of a particularly serious crime involving grave threat to life, to arrest a person presenting such a danger and resisting their authority, or to prevent his or her escape, and only when less extreme means are insufficient to achieve these objectives. In any event, intentional lethal use of firearms may only...
Page 16 - Law Enforcement officials may use force only when strictly necessary and to the extent required for the performance of their duty.
Page 40 - Governments shall ensure that efficient procedures and responsive mechanisms for effective and equal access to lawyers are provided for all persons within their territory and subject to their jurisdiction, without distinction of any kind, such as discrimination based on race, colour, ethnic origin...
Page 49 - Rights Watch, a human rights monitoring and advocacy organization. Because of this consistent pattern of gross human rights abuses. Helsinki Watch recommends that the United States end all military and security assistance to Turkey until such time as Turkey no longer manifests such a pattern, or state clearly, as required by Section 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act, what extraordinary circumstances warrant the provision of such aid.
Page 5 - ... $125 million in grants of economic support funds. In addition, $180 million worth of excess military equipment (helicopters, aircraft, vehicles and the like) was transferred to Turkey in 1991 and 1992. Among the specific recommendations that Helsinki Watch makes to the government of Turkey are: • Abide by international standards requiring law enforcement officials to use lethal force only when absolutely necessary and in proportion to the immediate danger faced when conducting raids on houses...
Page 23 - ... of them were children between the ages of 13 and 16. In only three of the sixteen cases have investigations been undertaken by public prosecutors, the report charges. In the first eleven months of 1992, the report states, Turkish security forces have shot and killed seventy-four people in house raids, and the evidence suggests that the killings were deliberate executions. Security forces have also shot and killed...

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