Fundamentals of Ceramics

Front Cover
CRC Press, Nov 27, 2002 - Technology & Engineering - 624 pages
3 Reviews
Updated and improved, this revised edition of Michel Barsoum's classic text Fundamentals of Ceramics presents readers with an exceptionally clear and comprehensive introduction to ceramic science. Barsoum offers introductory coverage of ceramics, their structures, and properties, with a distinct emphasis on solid state physics and chemistry. Key equations are derived from first principles to ensure a thorough understanding of the concepts involved.

The book divides naturally into two parts. Chapters 1 to 9 consider bonding in ceramics and their resultant physical structures, and the electrical, thermal, and other properties that are dependent on bonding type. The second part (Chapters 11 to 16) deals with those factors that are determined by microstructure, such as fracture and fatigue, and thermal, dielectric, magnetic, and optical properties. Linking the two sections is Chapter 10, which describes sintering, grain growth, and the development of microstructure.

Fundamentals of Ceramics is ideally suited to senior undergraduate and graduate students of materials science and engineering and related subjects.
 

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Contents

Introduction
xvii
12 Definition of Ceramics
xviii
13 Elementary Crystallography
2
14 Ceramic Microstructures
4
15 Traditional Versus Advanced Ceramics
5
17 Applications
6
18 The Future
8
Problems
9
92 Glass Formation
264
93 Glass Structure
278
94 Glass Properties
281
95 GlassCeramics
291
96 Summary
294
Derivation of Eq 97
295
Additional Reading
298
Sintering and Grain Growth
300

Additional Reading
10
Bonding in Ceramics
11
22 Structure of Atoms
12
23 Ionic Versus Covalent Bonding
21
24 Ionic Bonding
23
25 Ionically Bonded Solids
26
26 Covalent Bond Formation
31
27 Covalently Bonded Solids
35
28 Band Theory of Solids
36
29 Summary
45
Problems
46
Additional Reading
49
Structure of Ceramics
50
32 Ceramic Structures
52
33 Binary Ionic Compounds
57
34 Composite Crystal Structures
63
35 Structure of Covalent Ceramics
65
36 Structure of Silicates
68
37 Lattice Parameters and Density Lattice parameters
73
38 Summary
77
Ionic Radii
78
Problems
82
Additional Reading
85
Effect of Chemical Forces on Physical Properties
86
43 Thermal Expansion
92
44 Youngs Modulus and the Strength of Perfect Solids
97
45 Surface Energy
100
46 Summary
104
Additional Reading
107
Thermodynamic and Kinetic Considerations
108
52 Free Energy
109
53 Chemical Equilibrium and the Mass Action Expression
120
54 Chemical Stability Domains
121
55 Electrochemical Potentials
124
56 Charged Interfaces Double Layers and Debye Lengths
125
57 GibbsDuhem Relation for Binary Oxides
127
58 Kinetic Considerations
129
59 Summary
131
Problems
132
Additional Reading
133
Defects in Ceramics
135
62 Point Defects
136
63 Linear Defects
164
64 Planar Defects
166
65 Summary
168
Problems
169
Additional Reading
172
Diffuson and Electrical Conductivity
173
72 Diffusion
174
73 Electrical Conductivity
190
74 Ambipolar Diffusion
210
75 Relationships Between Self Tracer Chemical Ambipolar and Defect Diffusion Coefficients
222
76 Summary
225
Relationship Between Picks First Law and Eq 730
227
Effective Mass and Density of States
228
Derivation of Eq 779
230
Derivation of Eq 792
231
Problems
232
Additional Reading
239
Phase Equilibria
240
82 Phase Rule
241
83 OneComponent Systems
242
84 Binary Systems
245
85 Ternary Systems
253
86 FreeEnergy Composition and Temperature Diagrams
255
87 Summary
260
Problems
261
Additional Reading
262
Formation Structure and Properties of Glasses
263
102 SolidState Sintering
302
103 Sintering Kinetics
313
104 LiquidPhase Sintering
335
105 Hot Pressing and Hot Isostatic Pressing
341
106 Summary
343
Derivation of the GibbsThompson Equation
344
Derivation of Eq 1020
345
Derivation of Eq 1022
347
Problems
348
Additional Reading
352
Mechanical Properties Fast Fracture
354
112 Fracture Toughness
356
113 Strength of Ceramics
371
114 Toughening Mechanisms
378
115 Designing With Ceramics
385
116 Summary
392
Problems
393
Additional Reading
397
Creep Subcritical Crack Growth and Fatigue
398
122 Creep
399
123 Subcritical Crack Growth
413
124 Fatigue of Ceramics
420
125 Lifetime Predictions
423
126 Summary
430
Derivation of Eq 1224
431
Problems
433
Additional Reading
438
Thermal Properties
440
132 Thermal Stresses
441
133 Thermal Shock
445
134 Spontaneous Microcracking of Ceramics
450
135 Thermal Tempering of Glass
454
136 Thermal Conductivity
456
137 Summary
458
Problems
459
Additional Reading
462
Dielectric Properties
463
142 Basic Theory
464
143 Equivalent Circuit Description of Linear Dielectrics
469
144 Polarization Mechanisms
474
145 Dielectric Loss
490
146 Dielectric Breakdown
492
148 Summary
495
A Local Electric Field
496
Problems
497
Additional Reading
503
Magnetic and Nonlinear Dielectric Properties
505
152 Basic Theory
506
153 Microscopic Theory
512
154 Para Ferro Antiferro and Ferrimagnetism
517
155 Magnetic Domains and the Hysteresis Curve
523
156 Magnetic Ceramics and their Applications
527
157 Piezo and Ferroelectric Ceramics
535
158 Summary
545
Orbital Magnetic Quantum Number
546
Problems
547
Additional Reading
549
Optical Properties
551
162 Basic Principles
553
163 Absorption and Transmission
563
164 Scattering and Opacity
570
165 Fiber Optics and Optical Communication
574
166 Summary
578
Coherence
579
Problems
580
Additional Reading
585
Index
587
Copyright

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