Hooker's Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany, Volume 1

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Sir William Jackson Hooker
Reeve, Benham, and Reeve, 1849 - Botany
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Page 203 - ... changes its taste by degrees as it acquires solidity, till at last it is almost as hard as ivory. The liquor contained in the young fruits becomes acid if they are cut from the tree and kept some time.
Page 257 - Rupees the Maund. It is collected in the cold season by making incisions with a knife in the tree, and letting the resin fall on the ground. Hence the dirty and impure state in which it is found in the shops. I have obtained it from September to February, and have found it exude in large tears from a clean incision, of the colour, consistence, and opacity of
Page 203 - From the kernel the Indians fashion the knobs of walking-sticks, the reels of spindles, and little toys, which are whiter than ivory, and as hard, if they are not put under water ; and if they are, they become white and hard again when dried. Bears devour the young^ fruit with avidity.
Page 122 - For the production of the manna, young and strong shoots are requisite ; but they are not tapped before the tree ceases to push forth any more leaves, and the sap consequently collects in the stem. This period is recognised by the cultivators from the appearance of the leaves ; sometimes it occurs earlier than at others, and the collection of the manna takes place either at the beginning of July or only in August. Close to the soil cross sections are made in the stem, and in the lowermost sections...
Page 123 - The sap there is not so fat as below, and consequently dries more easily into tubes and flat pieces. After the Manna has been removed from the trees, it has further to be dried upon shelves before being packed in cases. The masses left adhering to the stems after removing the inserted leaves are scraped off, and constitute the Manna cannelata in fragmentis.
Page 331 - ... Himalayas, and the recipients of innumerable smaller rills, are with difficulty traced at this, the dry season. The ocean-like appearance of this southern view is even more conspicuous in the heavens than on the land, the clouds arranging themselves after a singularly sea-scape fashion. Endless strata run in parallel ribbons over the extreme horizon ; above these, scattered cumuli, also in horizontal lines, are dotted against a clear grey sky, which gradually, as the eye is lifted, passes into...
Page 359 - Faccinium,vf\[d strawberry, maple, geranium, bramble. A colder wind blew here : mosses and lichens carpeted the banks and roadsides: the birds and insects were very different from those below; and everything proclaimed the marked change in elevation, and not only in this, but in season, for I had left the winter of the tropics and here encountered the spring of the temperate zone.
Page 330 - I stood, and the ranges as far as the eye can reach cast and west, throw spurs on to the plains of India. These are very thickly wooded, and enclose broad, dead-flat, hot and damp valleys, apparently covered with a dense forest. Secondary spurs of clay and gravel, like that immediately below Punkabaree, rest on the bases of the mountains, and seem to form an intermediate neutral ground between flat and mountainous India. The Terai district...
Page 116 - ... standing beside it. A very touching group was this: the parent with her hands clasped in agony, unable to withdraw her eyes from the cursed reptile, which still clung to life with that tenacity for which its tribe are so conspicuous ; beside these the two athletes leaned on the bloody bamboo staffs, with which they had all but despatched the animal.
Page 358 - Euphorbiaccic spread their long petioles horizontally forth, each terminated with an ample leaf some feet in diameter. Bamboo abounds everywhere ; its dense tufts of culms 100 feet and upwards high are as thick as a man's thigh at the base. Twenty or thirty species of ferns (including a tree fern), were luxuriant and handsome. Foliaceous lichens and a few mosses appeared at 2000 feet, buch is the vegetation of the roads through tne tropical forests of Outer-Himalaya.

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