Taxing America: Wilbur D. Mills, Congress, and the State, 1945-1975

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Cambridge University Press, Nov 13, 2000 - Business & Economics - 402 pages
Taxing America, first published in 1999, offers an interpretation of the American state between 1945 and 1975 by tracing the career of Wilbur D. Mills, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee from 1958 to 1974. Blending methodological insights from history, political science, and sociology, Julian Zelizer provides one of the first comparative histories of income taxation, Social Security, and Medicare in this study of the crucial role Mills played in negotiating between the tax policy community and Congress. Taxing America lays out four innovative arguments about the expansion of the state during the postwar period; Congress played a crucial role in the institutionalization of the state after World War II, policy communities helped encourage policymaking, taxation was central to postwar liberalism and its domestic agenda, and a fragile alliance between influential fiscal conservatives and the state was instrumental in expanding support of the policies of the tax community.
 

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Contents

An Arkansas Traveler Comes to Washington
27
From Kensett to Congress
28
Democrats and Lobbyists
32
The House Committee on Ways and Means
38
A New Generation of Policy
43
The Promise of Expertise
53
Where is the Money Coming From?
55
Earmarked Taxes and the New Deal
56
We Are All Keynesians Now
191
The Political Mileage of Taxes
208
Bringing Medicare into the State
212
The One Man Veto 19611963
215
Moving Toward a Compromise
221
Medicare Bettercare and Eldercare
232
Congress Passes a ThreeLayerCake
240
Medicares Mixed Precedents
252

The Perils of Uncertainty 19371948
61
Financing the Expansion 19491950
66
The Legacy of the Amendments
78
Taxation of Whom and for What?
82
Recodifying the Code
84
Taxation and the Economy
96
Formulating an Agenda
109
Back in the District
115
The Postwar Tax Policymakers
117
The Legislative Mills 19581961
119
NoWays and By NoMeans
120
The Southern Expert
132
Securely on the Hill
145
The Postwar Fiscal Discourse
147
Talking About Taxes
149
Technocrats and Tax Reform
159
The Alternatives Rejected
169
Discourse and the Tax Community
175
The Politics of Policy
177
The Road to Tax Reduction
179
Kennedy Mills and the Tax Community
180
Subsidizing Economic Growth
185
The War on Inflation
255
Guns or Butter?
257
Expenditure Control
270
The Temporary Triumph of Expenditure Control
279
Spending through Taxes
283
Studying Reform
285
A Task Worthy of Solomon
298
The Reformers March Forward
308
Expanding Social Security
312
Inflation and Social Insurance 19691970
314
Rethinking Finance 1971
327
The Failed Campaign
333
Politics and Pensions 1972
337
A New Type of Security
343
COMING APART
347
Looking Backward and Forward
349
Losing the Ways and Means 19741976
350
Reconstructing Wilbur Mills
361
The Promise of the American State
371
Index
373
Copyright

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