Historical Dictionary of Turkmenistan

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Scarecrow Press, 2005 - History - 240 pages
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Turkmenistan is known for its huge oil and gas resources, as well as for the rich, complex, and captivating history of the Turkmen people. For centuries they were known as skillful and courageous warriors who left deep marks in the histories of other countries, such as India, Russia, Afghanistan, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Egypt. As craftsmen, they constructed extraordinary architectural monuments, whose ruins can be found all over the country, and famous Turkoman carpets are still highly valued in many parts of the world. Yet, for centuries, foreign invaders and local tribal conflict plagued the land with wars that devastated the Turkmen society and destroyed its magnificent but fragile oases. In the late 19th century, the Turkmens witnessed the establishment of the Russian Empire in their lands. In the years following, these lands were united by the Soviet government into a single political entity in an attempt to force the Soviet style nation-state building and socio-economic transformations. In 1991, the Turkmen parliament voted for the country's independence and promised to build a sovereign state capable of bringing prosperity and social and political stability to the society. The reality, however, proved to be more complex. After more than 15 years of independence, Turkmenistan still faces a number of difficulties, including economic and structural issues, security challenges, growing competition between various clans, and widespread poverty. Historical Dictionary of Turkmenistan provides a concise overview of the historical development of Turkmenistan. The introduction and chronology provide an overview of the Turkmen history, focusing on the history of the country in the 20th century, political and economic development, ethnic policies, and nation building. This is the first comprehensive reference book on Turkmenistan published in English that provides comprehensive up-to-date details about the contemporary history, economy, and culture. The dictionary consists of approximately 300 entries a
 

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Contents

The Dictionary
1
B
23
C
33
D
45
E
51
F
57
G
63
H
72
P
125
Q
131
R
132
S
136
T
143
U
163
V
168
Y
171

I
76
J
82
L
97
M
100
N
113
O
121
Z
172
Selected Statistical Data
175
Changes in Geographic Names
197
Bibliography
201
About the Author
239
Copyright

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Page 233 - HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON EUROPE AND THE MIDDLE EAST, Washington, DC. The subcommittee met at 2 pm, in room 2200, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon.
Page 223 - The Bukharans: A Dynastic, Diplomatic, and Commercial History, 1550-1702. New York: St Martin's Press, 1997.
Page 226 - Monique Mekenkamp, Paul van Tongeren, and Hans van de Veen, eds., Searching for Peace in Central and South Asia: An Overview of Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2002).

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About the author (2005)

Rafis Abazov is an adjunct professor at the Harriman Institute of Columbia University, New York. He is the author of three books, including Historical Dictionary of Kyrgyzstan, and numerous research articles on economic and political development in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan. He has contributed articles to the Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, and the Encyclopedia of National Economies.

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