The Category of the Person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History
Cambridge University Press, Dec 27, 1985 - Psychology - 309 pages
The concept that people have of themselves as a 'person' is one of the most intimate notions that they hold. Yet the way in which the category of the person is conceived varies over time and space. In this volume, anthropologists, philosophers, and historians examine the notion of the person in different cultures, past and present. Taking as their starting point a lecture on the person as a category of the human mind, given by Marcel Mauss in 1938, the contributors critically assess Mauss's speculation that notions of the person, rather than being primarily philosophical or psychological, have a complex social and ideological origin. Discussing societies ranging from ancient Greece, India, and China to modern Africa and Papua New Guinea, they provide fascinating descriptions of how these different cultures define the person. But they also raise deeper theoretical issues: What is universally constant and what is culturally variable in people's thinking about the person? How can these variations be explained? Has there been a general progressive development toward the modern Western view of the person? What is distinctive about this? How do one's notions of the person inform one's ability to comprehend alternative formulations? These questions are of compelling interest for a wide range of anthropologists, philosophers, historians, psychologists, sociologists, orientalists, and classicists. The book will appeal to any reader concerned with understanding one of the most fundamental aspects of human existence.
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A category of the human mind the notion of person the notion of self
The category of the person a reading of Mausss last essay
Categories concepts or predicaments? Remarks on Mausss use of philosophical terminology
Marcel Mauss and the quest for the person in Greek biography and autobiography
A modified view of our origins the Christian beginnings of modern individualism
Person and individual some anthropological reflections
Self public private Some African representations
Between the earth and heaven conceptions of the self in China
Abhinavagupta action agent ancestors ancient Annee Sociologique argued aware Bhairava biography body Brahman Buddhism Calvin categories of thought century B.C. Chinese Christian Church clan cognition cognomen collective concept concern consciousness context culture Dinka Dinka language distinction divine doctrine Dumont Durkheim and Mauss entity epistemology essay example existence experience fact Gahuku-Gama Greek Hamelin heart Hegel holism ical idea identity Indian inner intellectual inworldly Kant Kashmir language Lugbara Lukes Marcel Mauss Martin Hollis masks means metaphysical mind modern moral NASAP nature Neo-Confucian notion one's orthodox particular perhaps person personhood personnage philosophical physical political primitive psychological public space pure recognise reference relation religion religious Renouvier representations ritual role Roman samkhya self-aware sense social society sociology soteriology soul spiritual Steven Lukes Stoicism structure Taita Tallensi Tantric theory things tion tradition translation Troeltsch understanding universal values word