Life and Land Use on the Bahrain Islands: The Geoarchaeology of an Ancient Society

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University of Chicago Press, 1983 - Social Science - 339 pages
According to archeological and historical records, the Bahrain Islands of the Arabian Gulf were the home of a flourishing civilization four thousant years ago. Then, as now, these islands served as an important locus of maritime trade, but they were also characterized as a land of copious artesian springs and fertile fields. Modern Bahrain, in contrast, is beset by environmental and demographic problems: the depletion of the artesian water supply, abandonment of rural agricultural lands, and rapid population growth. In this exemplary interdisciplinary study, Curtis E. Larsen combines archeological, geological, historical, and anthropological methods to reconstruct the paleoenvironmental and socioeconomic context that links Bahrain's present to its past.
 

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Contents

BahrainThe Present
6
innti
12
Prehistory and History of Bahrain
24
Environinental Perspectives
114
Section GASI
157
Sections KSSI and TLW2
161
Section TLW4
163
Section WSB
167
Barbar I Painted Wares
238
Barbar II Cooking Wares
241
Miscellaneous Barbar II Wares
242
Kassite through Hellenistic Pottery
250
Pottery Types from Sounding 518 by Level
254
NeoAssyrian and NeoBabylonian Pottery
256
NeoAssyrian and NeoBabylonian Pottery
258
AchaemenidSeleucidParthian Pottery
260

Comparative Chart of Holocene Environmental Changes and Bahrains Land Use Patterns
183
Geoarcheological Synthesis
187
Geologic Profile of the Southwest Coast of Bahrain
193
Holocene Population Estimates for the Bahrain Islands
198
Ceramic Analysis
209
Barbar Period Pottery
210
North Wall Pottery Type by Level
212
Frequency Distribution of North Wall Pottery
213
Selected Pottery Types by Level
215
PreBarbar Shortnecked Vessels
216
PreBarbar Plain and Painted Ware
219
Miscellaneous PreBarbar Ware 220 44 Miscellaneous PreBarbar Ware 45 Barbar I Plain and Incised Wares
225
Barbar I Plain Wares
227
Barbar I Fine and Painted Wares 228 47 Barbar I Fine and Painted Wares 48 Barbar I Cooking Wares
231
Barbar I Plain Wares
236
AchaemenidSeleucidParthian Pottery
262
AchaemenidSeleucidParthian Pottery
264
Late ParthianSasanian Pottery
266
Late ParthianSasanian Pottery
268
Early Islamic Pottery
272
Early and Medieval Islamic Pottery
274
Medieval Plain and Glazed Wares
278
Medieval Islamic Plain and Decorated Wares
280
Medieval and Late Islamic Cooking Wares
284
Late Islamic Glazed Wares
286
Late Islamic Plain Wares
288
Late Islamic Plain and Glazed Wares
290
Catalog of Archeological Sites
295
Index
331
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About the author (1983)

Curtis E. Larsen is currently an archeologist with the U.S. Geological Survey.

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