Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems: A Global Perspective

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University of California Press, 2008 - History - 319 pages
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Archaeological data now show that relatively intense human adaptations to coastal environments developed much earlier than once believed—more than 125,000 years ago. With our oceans and marine fisheries currently in a state of crisis, coastal archaeological sites contain a wealth of data that can shed light on the history of human exploitation of marine ecosystems. In eleven case studies from the Americas, Pacific Islands, North Sea, Caribbean, Europe, and Africa, leading researchers working in coastal areas around the world cover diverse marine ecosystems, reaching into deep history to discover how humans interacted with and impacted these aquatic environments and shedding new light on our understanding of contemporary environmental problems.
 

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Contents

1 ARCHAEOLOGY MARINE ECOLOGY AND HUMAN IMPACTS ON MARINE ENVIRONMENTS
1
HUMAN IMPACTS ON MARINE RESOURCES IN THE ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY OF SOUTH POLYNESIA
21
THREE THOUSAND YEARS OF INTERACTIONS IN THE WESTERN ALEUTIAN ISLANDS ALASKA
43
4 HISTORICAL ECOLOGY AND HUMAN IMPACTS ON COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS OF THE SANTA BARBARA CHANNEL REGION CALIFOR...
77
5 LONGTERM EFFECTS OF HUMAN PREDATION ON MARINE ECOSYSTEMS IN GUERRERO MEXICO
103
6 ANCIENT FISHERIES AND MARINE ECOLOGY OF COASTAL PERU
125
7 HUMAN IMPACTS ON MARINE ENVIRONMENTS IN THE WEST INDIES DURING THE MIDDLE TO LATE HOLOCENE
147
8 POSSIBLE PREHISTORIC FISHING EFFECTS ON COASTAL MARINE FOOD WEBS IN THE GULF OF MAINE
165
NORSE MARINE RESOURCE USE IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC
187
AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE AND SOME PROBLEMS OF METHODOLOGY
215
ARCHAEOLOGICAL FISH AND SHELLFISH ASSEMBLAGES FROM SOUTHERN IBERIA
243
12 HUMAN IMPACT ON PRECOLONIAL WEST COAST MARINE ENVIRONMENTS OF SOUTH AFRICA
279
13 ARCHAEOLOGY HISTORICAL ECOLOGY AND THE FUTURE OF OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS
297
Index
309
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About the author (2008)

Torben C. Rick is Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Southern Methodist University and the author of The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Late Holocene San Miguel Island. Jon M. Erlandson is Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Museum of Natural and Cultural History at the University of Oregon. He is coeditor of Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology and author of several books.

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