Historical Dictionary of Jainism
Jain is the term used for a person who has faith in the teachings of the Jinas ('Spiritual Victors'). Jinas are human beings who have overcome all passions (kasayas) and have attained enlightenment or omniscience (kevala-jnana), who teach the truths they realized to others, and who attain liberation (moksa) from the cycle of rebirth (samsara). At the core of these teachings is nonviolence (ahimsa), which has remained the guiding principle of Jain ethics and practices to this day. In comparison with other religious traditions of South Asia, Jains are few in number, comprising less than one percent of India's population. The Jain lay and mendicant communities, however, have maintained an unbroken presence in India for more than 2,500 years and have influenced its culture throughout this time. Historical Dictionary of Jainism covers the history of Jainism that spans a period of more than 2,500 years. The history, values, concepts and scriptures, eminent mendicant and lay leaders and scholars, places, institutions, and social and cultural factors are covered in over 450 dictionary entries. This comprehensive reference work also includes an introductory essay, explanation of the Jain scriptures, chronology, appendices, bibliography, and an 8-page black-and-white photo spread. This book provides an excellent introduction and overview to Jainism for scholars, students, and general readers.
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20th century Acarya According Adhyātma Agamas ahimsä Ajivikas Anga aparigraha associated attained liberation moksa Båhubali Banaras Bhadrabâhu bhattārakas born Brahmin called canon century C.E. cloth commentaries darśana death deities devas Digambara Digambara community Digambara mendicant Digambara monk disciples dravya established fasting ganadharas Gujarat harm initiated Jain Jain community Jain mendicants Jain texts Jaina Jainism Jaipur Jinas Jinasena jiva karma Karnataka kevalin Kharatara Gaccha Kundakunda lay vows laypeople layperson living Mahāvira mantras manuscripts meditation mendicant community mendicant conduct mendicant leader ācārya mendicant lineage mendicant vows mahāvratas moksa Muni named nudity nuns Pandit Panth Pārśvanātha Pātaliputra performed Prākrit pratikramana PUJA Pürvas Rajasthan rebirth samsāra religious renounced the household renunciation rites ritual Rsabha sacred samsāra Sangha Sanskrit scholars sectarian tradition siddhas soul jiva south India spiritual Sramana Sravana Belgola Sthanakavāsi Sütra Svāmi Svet Svetambara Svetambara and Digambara Svetambara Mürtipujaka Svetāmbara Teräpanthis Syādvāda Tapā Gaccha teachings Tirthankara universe worship yaksi yatis