Prelude to Nuremberg: Allied War Crimes Policy and the Question of Punishment

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Univ of North Carolina Press, 1998 - History - 312 pages
Between November 1945 and October 1946, the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg tried some of the most notorious political and military figures of Nazi Germany. In this book, Kochavi demonstrates that the policies finally adopted, including the i
 

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Prelude to Nuremberg: Allied war crimes policy and the question of punishment

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The Nuremberg trials were the culmination of a bitter, complex struggle to establish a policy to try war criminals after World War II. The author, a senior lecturer in history and director of the ... Read full review

Contents

GOVERNMENTSINEXILE CALL FOR RETALIATION
6
CONTENTION WITHIN WHITEHALL
9
THE BIG POWERS STAND ALOOF
15
RETALIATORY AIR RAIDS?
20
SETTING UP A WAR CRIMES COMMISSION
27
ANGLOSOVIET DISPUTES OVER RUDOLF HESS AND THE BALTIC REPUBLICS
36
THE APPOINTMENT OF HERBERT C PELL
51
INAUGURATING THE UNWCC WITHOUT THE SOVIETS
54
MANEUVERING FOR A POSTWAR ROLE
130
SUMMING UP
133
ATROCITIES OTHER THAN WAR CRIMES
138
THE EXTERMINATION OF THE JEWS
139
PELL TAKES ON THE STATE DEPARTMENT
143
LONDON DECIDES ON A NARROW INTERPRETATION
151
WASHINGTON ALTERS ITS STAND
155
WHITEHALL IGNORES WASHINGTONS REVERSAL
161

SUMMARY EXECUTION
63
CHURCHILLS RADICAL PLAN
73
MORGENTHAU VERSUS STIMSON
80
ROOSEVELT AND CHURCHILL IN AGREEMENT
87
SUSPENDING A DECISION
89
OBSTRUCTING THE UNWCC
92
WHAT IS A WAR CRIME?
95
IS AGGRESSIVE WAR A WAR CRIME?
97
LISTING WAR CRIMINALS
100
LIMITING THE UNWCC
104
PRESS CRITICISM
106
WHO IS A MAJOR WAR CRIMINAL?
107
INTERNATIONAL COURTS OR MILITARY TRIBUNALS?
110
HURST BREAKS WITH THE FOREIGN OFFICE
118
THE STATE DEPARTMENT TRAPS PELL
124
STRIVING FOR A NEW IMAGE
127
CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
164
ASYLUM FOR WAR CRIMINALS
172
WHETHER TO ADDRESS THE NEUTRALS?
173
NEUTRALS MANEUVER BETWEEN THE BELLIGERENTS
176
NEUTRALS YIELD UNDER PRESSURE
183
CLOSING THE CIRCLE
201
DISCORD WITHIN THE ROOSEVELT ADMINISTRATION
205
ANGLOAMERICAN DIFFERENCES
213
WASHINGTON TAKES THE LEAD
217
THE NUREMBERG CHARTER
222
CONCLUSION
231
EPILOGUE
242
NOTES
249
BIBLIOGRAPHY
287
INDEX
297
Copyright

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Page 2 - The German Government recognizes the right of the Allied and Associated Powers to bring before military tribunals persons accused of having committed acts in violation of the laws and customs of war.

About the author (1998)

Arieh J. Kochavi is senior lecturer in history and director of The Strochlitz Institute of Holocaust Studies at the University of Haifa.

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