East African Ecosystems and Their Conservation

Front Cover
East Africa is one of the most diverse and interesting tropical area on the planet. It is home not only to the last great megafaunal assemblage, but also to human populations with the highest growth rates. This book draws on the expertise of leading ecologists, each intimately familiar with a particular set of East African ecosystems, to provide the first in-depth and integrated account of the ecology, management, threats, and conservation of these diverse ecosystems. Summarizing the tremendous wealth of scientific research that has come out of East Africa in the last few decades, each chapter analyzes a given ecosystem type, taking the reader through the basics of its ecology, its historical use (and misuse) by humans, and its prospects for conservation. Throughout the book, linkages and similarities among ecosystems are emphasized, the historical and contemporary role of humans in shaping these ecosystems is considered, fundamental principles of ecology are considered, and interesting case studies are highlighted. Students and researchers in ecology, conservation biology, and environmental sciences will find this book useful in their work.
 

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Contents

Historical Ecology
3
Summary
14
Paleoecology of Humans and their
19
The Paleoenvironmental Setting of Hominid Evolution
21
Colonial Resource Extraction
27
Conclusions
33
Oceanic Ecosystems and Pelagic Fisheries
39
Production Ecology
45
Climate and Ecology
246
Ecosystem Energetics
255
Ecosystem Control
268
Savanna Ecosystems
273
Vegetation of the Savanna
274
Community Structure
280
Threats to Savanna Ecosystems
293
H Gichohi E Mwangi C Gakahu
299

References
65
Coral Reefs and Nearshore Fisheries
67
Production and Ecological Processes
81
Conclusion
97
Chapters IntertidalWetlands
101
Sandy Shores
112
Human Impacts on the Intertidal Zone
121
Conclusions
127
Rivers and Streams
133
Hydrology and Physical Factors
139
Human Influences on Streams and Rivers
158
Problems and Recommendations
162
Saline and Freshwater Lakes of
171
References
185
A Burney Department of Biological Sciences Fordham University Bronx
188
The Great Lakes
191
Human Influences on African Great Lake Ecosystems
206
Conclusions
213
Kaufman L J Chapman C A Chapman
217
Wetland Economic Uses
230
References
238
Arid and Semiarid Ecosystems
243
Vegetation Communities
305
Miombo Environment
308
Human Uses of the Miombo Woodlands
314
References
323
Coastal Forests
329
Ecology of Coastal Forests
339
Conservation of Coastal Forests
350
Conclusions
358
Mavuti Department of Zoology University of Nairobi P O Box 30197
359
N Burgess CD Fitzgibbon P Clarke
361
Biogeographic Patterns of Biological Diversity
365
Ecosystem Structure Function and Dynamics
371
Conservation Issues
379
K E Medley F M R Hughes
381
A History
385
Forest Fauna
395
A Chapman L J Chapman
401
Ecosystem Function
412
Prospects and Conclusions
423
Concluding Remarks
425
Subject Index
433
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

Tim McClanahan is at The Wildlife Conservation Society. Truman P. Young is at Fordham University.

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