Invasive Species and Biodiversity Management

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Odd Terje Sandlund, Peter Johan Schei, Åslaug Viken
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 30, 2001 - Gardening - 431 pages
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This volume is based on papers presented at "The Norway/United Nations (UN) Conference on Alien Species" which was hosted by the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the International Conservation Union (lDCN) and the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU). The organisation and sponsoring of the conference was also a joint venture between the Norwegian Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Fisheries and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Conference was held at Royal Garden Hotel, Trondheim, Norway, 1-5 July 1996. This was the second Trondheim Conference on Biodiversity, the first being the NorwaylUNEP Expert Conference on Biodiversity, 24-28 May 1993. The conference was organised by the Norwegian Directorate of Nature Management, the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) and the Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU) and its Centre for Environment and Development (SMU), all based in Trondheim. These institutions are all active in the fields of management, education and research related to biological diversity. Weare extremely grateful for the support we have received from all these national and international institutions.
 

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Contents

Introduction the many aspects of the invasive alien species problem
1
Human dimensions
9
The great reshuffling how alien species help feed the global economy
11
Species invasions and the displacement of biological and cultural diversity
33
Nile perch in Lake Victoria balancing the costs and benefits of aliens
47
An alliance of biodiversity agriculture health and business interests for improved alien species management in Hawaii
65
Ecology of introductions
77
Invasive plant species and invasible ecosystems
79
Commercial forestry and agroforestry as sources of invasive alien trees and shrubs
237
Consequences of spreading of pathogens and genes through an increasing trade in foods
259
Management tools
269
Legal authorities for controlling alien species A survey of tools and their effectiveness
271
Strategies for preventing the world movement of invasive plants a United States perspective
283
Managing insect invasions by watching other countries
295
Biological pest control for alien invasive species
305
Country case studies
323

Lag times in population explosions of invasive species Causes and implications
103
Modelling the impact of biological invasions
127
Biological invasions and global change
139
Introductions at the level of genes and populations
149
Alien species and emerging infectious diseases past lessons and future implications
163
Effects of invading species on freshwater and estuarine ecosystems
177
International pathways
193
The scale and ecological consequences of biological invasions in the Worlds oceans
195
The Red Sea Mediterranean link unwanted effects of canals
213
Trade and exotic species introductions
229
Invasive species in Mauritius examining the past and charting the future
325
Biodiversity conservation and the management of invasive animals in New Zealand
349
South Africas experience regarding alien species impacts and controls
363
Managing alien species the Australian experience
377
Where do we go from here?
387
International instruments processes organizations and nonindigenous species introductions is a protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity ne...
389
A global strategy for dealing with alien invasive species
407
INDEX
419
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