The Free State of Jones: Mississippi's Longest Civil War
Between late 1863 and mid-1864, an armed band of Confederate deserters battled Confederate cavalry in the Piney Woods region of Jones County, Mississippi. Calling themselves the Knight Company after their captain, Newton Knight, they set up headquarters in the swamps of the Leaf River, where, legend has it, they declared the Free State of Jones.
The story of the Jones County rebellion is well known among Mississippians, and debate over whether the county actually seceded from the state during the war has smoldered for more than a century. Adding further controversy to the legend is the story of Newt Knight's interracial romance with his wartime accomplice, Rachel, a slave. From their relationship there developed a mixed-race community that endured long after the Civil War had ended, and the ambiguous racial identity of their descendants confounded the rules of segregated Mississippi well into the twentieth century.
Victoria Bynum traces the origins and legacy of the Jones County uprising from the American Revolution to the modern civil rights movement. In bridging the gap between the legendary and the real Free State of Jones, she shows how the legend--what was told, what was embellished, and what was left out--reveals a great deal about the South's transition from slavery to segregation; the racial, gender, and class politics of the period; and the contingent nature of history and memory.
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The Free State of Jones, Movie Edition: Mississippi's Longest Civil War
Victoria E. Bynum
Limited preview - 2016
7th Battalion Activities of Captain American Amos McLemore Antebellum backcountry Baylis Ben Graves Black Horn brother Bynum Captain Newton Knight cavalry Chapel Hill Civil claimed Coleman Compiled Service Records Confederacy County’s court Covington County Creek daughter Davis Knight deserters Duckworth Earle Knight Echo economic Ellisville Ethel Knight farmers father Federal Manuscript Census frontier Gender Georgia Governor History household Jackie Knight Jackson James Jasper County John Jones County Knight band Knight Company land Leaf River Leaf River Baptist lived Louisiana State University Lowry’s Manuscript Censuses married Martha Mary MDAH Miss Mississippi Girl Mississippi Infantry Mississippi Territory ML-USM murder Negro Newt Newt’s Newton Knight nonslaveholding North Carolina North Carolina Press Norvell Robertson Oakwood College Piney Woods political Rachel Knight racial River Baptist Church Rogers Museum secession slaveholders slavery slaves South Southern Sumrall Thomas Tom Knight U.S. Bureau University of North University Press Valentine Welborn Welch Whitehead William yeoman