Other editions - View all
affirmative analytical proposition animals antecedent argue argument Aristotle assert attributes Cæsar called Categorical Propositions Catholic cause certainty certitude Church common concept conclusion copula Crown 8vo Deductive defined definition deny Division Enthymeme essence existence experience expression external fact faculty fallacy false Figure follows Formal Logic genus gism Hence human idea identical illicit major inasmuch individual Induction instance intellect judgment Julius Cæsar knowledge Law of Identity Laws of Thought logicians major premiss major term material matter meaning mental metaphysical method middle term mind minor term modern monkey moral nature of things negative objects of thought observation particular phantasm philosophy physical possible posteriori principles priori laws probability proposition qualities question rational reason respecting result rules scholastic schoolboys are mischievous sense Simple Apprehension speaking subject and predicate Syllogism syllogistic synthetical synthetical proposition tion triangle true truth unity universal Universal Proposition various vols whole word
Page 389 - If two or more instances of the phenomenon under investigation have only one circumstance in common, the circumstance in which alone all the instances agree is the cause (or effect) of the given phenomenon.
Page 395 - Subduct from any phenomenon such part as is known by previous inductions to be the effect of certain antecedents, and the residue of the phenomenon is the effect of the remaining antecedents.
Page 153 - For example, does it not require some pains and skill to form the general idea of a triangle (which is yet none of the most abstract, comprehensive, and difficult)? for it must be neither oblique nor rectangle, neither equilateral, equicrural, nor scalenon : but all and none of these at once. In effect, it is something imperfect, that cannot exist ; an idea wherein some parts of several different and inconsistent ideas are put together.
Page 390 - If an instance in which the phenomenon under investigation occurs, and an instance in which it does not occur, have every circumstance in common save one, that one occurring only in the former; the circumstance in which alone the two instances differ is the effect, or the cause, or an indispensable part of the cause, of the phenomenon.
Page 393 - Whatever phenomenon varies in any manner whenever another phenomenon varies in some particular manner, is either a cause or an effect of that phenomenon, or is connected with it through some fact of causation.303 All of these canons, predictably, are formulated in the language of cause and effect.
Page 89 - ... our observation outwards, we also find that light and darkness, sound and silence, motion and quiescence, equality and inequality, preceding and following, succession and simultaneousness, any positive phenomenon whatever and its negative, are distinct phenomena, pointedly contrasted, and the one always absent where the other is present. I consider the maxim in question to be a generalization from all these facts.
Page 128 - ... under some singular of the class, we may do it under any. Thus, for example, we cannot actually represent the bundle of attributes contained in the concept man as an absolute object by itself, and apart from all that reduces it from a general cognition to an individual representation. We cannot figure in imagination any object adequate to the general notion or term man; for the man to be here imagined must be neither tall nor short, neither fat nor lean, neither black nor white, neither man nor...
Page 66 - The fundamental truths of that science all rest on the evidence of sense; they are proved by showing to our eyes and our fingers that any given number of objects, ten balls for example, may by separation and re-arrangement exhibit to our senses all the different sets of numbers the...
Page 421 - This place, I have little doubt, has been occupied by mathematical axioms, as far back, at least, as the foundation of the Pythagorean school ; and Aristotle's fundamental axiom will be found to be precisely of the same description. Instead, therefore, of saying, with Dr.