A cotton fabrics glossary

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Frank P. Bennett & co., inc., 1914 - Cotton growing - 738 pages
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Page 357 - ... Persia and Syria, then Byzantine Greece followed, but at long intervals between, in China's footsteps. Stuffs so figured brought with them to the West the name 'diaspron' or diaper, bestowed upon them at Constantinople. But about the i2th century the city of Damascus, even then long celebrated for its looms, so far outstripped all other places for beauty of design, that her silken textiles were in demand everywhere; and thus, as often happens, traders fastened the name of damascen or damask upon...
Page 355 - CRINOLINE Crinoline is a fabric composed of cotton warp, horsehair filling or all cotton yarns. It is sold in varying widths, and is used by tailors and dressmakers in stiffening clothing. It is a cheap cloth of low...
Page 502 - The cloth, in passing through the machine, comes in contact with the impression cylinder. The cylinder, revolving in a color trough, takes up the color and leaves the impression of the design on the cloth. Calicoes may be seen In almost any color. The printing machine is capable of printing several COLORS in one design. Calicoes, however, are usually in but two colors, that is, one color for ground and one for the figure.
Page 487 - This is a thin cotton fabric of light weight and low counts of yarn, which for cheapness ranks among the first in cotton fabrics. The fact that it is a cheap fabric has much to do with its popularity, in so far that it is used for innumerable purposes; chief among...
Page 479 - Is woven in the gray, that is, with yarn direct from the spinning frame, with the exception that the warp yarn is well sized, in order -to better stand the strain to which the yarn Is subjected during the weaving process.
Page 468 - In the lightest and cheapest grades, neither any wadding nor back picks are used. In this case the back warp threads float on the back of the fabric, except when raising over the face picks to form the cord.
Page 467 - In the construction of these fabrics both a face and a back warp are required and the cords are produced by all the back warp threads being raised at Intervals of 6, 8, etc., picks over two or more picks of the face cloth, which has a tendency to draw down on the surface of the fabric.
Page 389 - Dimity is a light-weight cotton wash fabric, the distinguishing feature of which is the cords or ribs running warpwise through the cloth, and produced by doubling the warp threads in either heddle or reed in sufficient quantity to form the rib desired. LL'HI | :i I nils per heddte an<1 den t. Keed Plan. Dia Chain Draft. Dimity is a ladies...
Page 342 - Good fast color is necessary in making madras, as It is a wash fabric, the feature of which is the fine colored stripe effect running warp ways. If inferior colors are used, they will surely spread during the finishing process, and will cause a clouded stripe where a distinct one was intended, thereby causing a pile of seconds.
Page 392 - In effect it is a cloth having but one color in the warp, and -woven with a white filling, this combination producing a solid color effect, the white filling...

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