Sugar and Slavery: An Economic History of the British West Indies, 1623-1775

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Canoe Press, 1994 - Business & Economics - 529 pages
 

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This book covers the changing preference of growing sugar rather than tobacco which had been the leading crop in the trans-Atlantic colonies. The Sugar Islands were Antigua, Barbados, St. Christopher ... Read full review

Contents

Key to Abbreviations
xi
Sugar and Slavery
xiii
Four
xvi
Five
xvii
One The Tropic Empire
xx
Two Sugar The Inseparable Companion of Tea
18
Eleven Slavery and Sugar 1 Introduction
20
Three Tfte aerf Navigation Acts l650l700
36
Changing Financial Methods
290
The Loan Market in the West Indies
294
Capital Drain or Capital Inflow?
295
The Agents Concerned with Jamaica
298
The Agents Concerned with the Lesser Antilles
300
Conclusion
305
Fourteen A Grand Marine Empire 1 The Plantation Base of Trade
306
Dimensions of Trade
308

Four Planter Politics l70ll775 l The Changing Structure of the Sugar Market
54
The PlantersMarket Strategy
55
Curbing the Interisland Trade
57
The Planter Interest in the House of Commons
58
The Members of Parliament
60
The Planters Strategy in the House of Commons66
66
The Sugar Monopoly
71
Conclusion
74
Five 77ie Settlement of the Sugar Colonies l England on the Eve of Colonization
75
Guyana and the Carribbees
77
Guyana and the Carribbees 11
80
77ie Courteen Brothers and Barbados
81
Sir Marmaduke Royden and Barbados
82
Early Settlement of St Christopher
84
77ie AfeWs Settlement
86
Montserrat and Antigua
87
Maurice Thompson
88
l0 5r Martin Noell and Thomas Povey
90
Conquest and Early Settlement of Jamaica
92
l2 Conclusion
95
Six Geographic and Economic Influences l Introduction
97
Owe Sigar Origin ad Dispersal
98
Sugar Production in the American Tropics
100
Location Factors
102
The Role of Livestock
105
Growing the Canes
107
The Art of Making Sugar
108
The Art of Making Sugar
112
Stages in the Growth of the Sugar Economy
118
Stages in fie Growth of the Sugar Economy ll8 9 77? e Geographic Base of Production
122
Seven Barbados The Brightest Jewel in Our Crown of Trade l An Island ofFirsts
124
The Physical Setting
125
The Sugar Revolution
128
The Drift Toward Monoculture
134
Conserving the Soil of Barbados
140
The Slave Economy
141
Further Estate Consolidation
143
77ie Turning Away from Intensive Monoculture
147
Eight His Majestys Leeward Islands
148
Nine His Majestys Leeward Islands
184
Ten Jamaica The Fairest Island
208
Indians and White Servants
235
AfroCaribbean Economic History
238
Stages in Caribbean Plantation Slavery
241
The Dimensions of the Slave Trade
245
Britains Leadership in the Slave Trade
249
Africas Ability to Supply Manpower
253
Runaways and Rebels
254
Slavery on Roaring River Plantation
257
The Profitability of Slavery
259
Conclusion
260
Twelve The English Merchant as Banker 1 Introduction
262
Plantation Capital Requirements 3 The High Rate of Capital Depreciation
264
The Importance of Trade Credit
269
DebtorCreditor Conflict
274
The West India Loan Market 7 Conclusion 234 235 238 241 245 249 253 254 257 259 260
281
Thirteen The Planters Agent as Banker 1 Introduction
282
17th Century Commission Agents
285
The Credit Act of 1732
288
Trade with the Mother Country and Ireland
311
Trade with North America
314
Trade with Africa and the Informal Empire
316
Trading Methods
319
The Merchant System
322
The London Commission System
328
Ships and Shipping
332
Commission System and Other Branches of Trade
335
Conclusion
338
Fifteen Rum and Molasses in British Imperial Trade 1 Technological and Economic Possibilities
339
17th Century Market Limitations
340
18th Century Markets
342
Markets in the Mother Country
344
The Irish Rum Market
350
7ci7 7acfe and Markets in North America
352
Contributory Factors
357
Conclusion
358
Sixteen Planters and Plantership 1 Introduction
360
The Nonconformists
364
The Sephardic Jews
366
77ie Scotsmen and Irishmen
368
77ie Professionals and Administrators
370
The Merchants
374
The Art of Plan tership
377
Profit and Loss
381
Absenteeism
385
Conclusion
387
Seventeen Booms and Slumps in War and Peace 16231 713
389
Fluctuations in the Sugar Industry
390
The Era of Minor Staples
393
The Sugar Revolution
395
The Impact of the Navigation Acts
396
Barbados and the Recession of the 1680s
398
The Leeward Islands and Jamaica
402
Economic Fluctuations in Wartime
404
King Williams War 168997
407
Queen Annes War 170213
409
Conclusion
411
Eighteen The Drive to Monoculture 17141755
415
Postwar Prosperity 171420
419
The Uneven Twenties
422
Recession and Recovery in the Thirties
426
War and Trade l 73948
433
Monoculture and Monopoly l74955
439
The New Informal Empire
442
Conclusion
445
Nineteen The Sugar Colonies and the Industrial Revolution l756l775 l Introduction
447
The Seven YearsWar
448
The Ceded Islands
452
The Free Port System
459
The Credit Crisis of l772
463
The West India Balance of Payments
467
Profits and Absenteeism
470
The Industrial Revolution
475
Slavery and its Critics
479
Appendices
487
Select Bibiography
507
Index
523
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