What's Wrong with Ethnography?: Methodological Explorations
While now widely accepted as an approach to social research, ethnography is still by no means uncontroversial. Current debates centre on its claim to capture an independent social reality and its realtions to social and political practice. There has always been a relativistic strand in ethnographic thinking, but this has become stronger in recent years. For example, there are those who (under the influence of post-structuralism and other recent philosophical trends) regard ethnographic texts as constructing the realities' they describe. Similarly, the distanced attitude of many ethnographers towards politics and practice has come under increasing challenge from those who seek to employ ethnography for the pursuit of practical and political goals. Even the longstanding debate about the relationship between quantitative and qualitative method has not been satisfactorily resolved. This book examines three issues. The author argues that traditional ethnographic thinking involves a naive relativism, an option that seems increasingly attractive to ethnographers.
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WHATS WRONG WITH ETHNOGRAPHY?
SOME QUESTIONS ABOUT THEORY
ETHNOGRAPHY AND REALISM
BY WHAT CRITERIA SHOULD ETHNOGRAPHIC
Ethnography relevance and practice
CRITICAL THEORY AS A MODEL
PARTS THAT EVEN ETHNOGRAPHY CANNOT
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adopt advocates analytic induction and/or anti-realist applied approach argued argument assessment assumptions audience basis behaviour believe Chapter claims commitment concept concerned conventional ethnography criteria critical ethnography critical model critical theory cultural defmed discussion distinction ecological validity emancipation empirical generalisation epistemological ethno ethnographic research ethnographic studies example experience explanation explicit fmdings Frankfurt School Furthermore goal Habermas Hammersley Herbert Blumer human hypothetico-deductive method idea ideal speech situation identify ideology implications important inquiry involved issue judged judgements justified knowledge Lofland methodological naive realism natural science oppressed paradigm particular perspectives phenomena policy-makers political population practice practitioner ethnography problems produce qualitative method quantitative research question reality reasonable recognise relationship relativism relevance research community role seems simply situation social research social science sociology sometimes sorts statistical statistical sampling strategies study research survey research testing theoretical inference tion true truth types validity Znaniecki