Clean Coastal Waters:: Understanding and Reducing the Effects of Nutrient Pollution
Water Science and Technology Board, Ocean Studies Board, Committee on the Causes and Management of Eutrophication, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources
National Academies Press, Jul 17, 2000 - Science - 428 pages
Environmental problems in coastal ecosystems can sometimes be attributed to excess nutrients flowing from upstream watersheds into estuarine settings. This nutrient over-enrichment can result in toxic algal blooms, shellfish poisoning, coral reef destruction, and other harmful outcomes. All U.S. coasts show signs of nutrient over-enrichment, and scientists predict worsening problems in the years ahead.
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Findings and Recommendations
3 Which Nutrients Matter?
4 What Are the Effects of Nutrient OverEnrichment?
5 Sources of Nutrient Inputs to Estuaries and Coastal Waters
6 What Determines Susceptibility to Nutrient OverEnrichment?
7 The Role of Monitoring and Modeling
9 Source Reduction and Control
APPENDIX A Statement of Task and Committee and Staff Biographies
APPENDIX B Acronyms and Abbreviations
APPENDIX C Programmatic Approaches and Results of a Local Managers Questionnaire
APPENDIX D Model Reviews
APPENDIX E Related Websites
8 Water Quality Goals