Deadly Medicine: Indians and Alcohol in Early America
Alcohol abuse has killed and impoverished American Indians since the seventeenth century, when European settlers began trading rum for furs. In the first book to probe the origins of this ongoing social crisis, Peter C. Mancall explores the liquor trade's devastating impact on the Indian communities of colonial America. The author follows the trail of rum from the West Indian producers to the colonial distributors and on to the Indian consumers in the eastern woodlands. To discover why Indians participated in the trade and why they experienced such a powerful desire for alcohol, he addresses current medical views on alcoholism and reexamines the colonial era as a time when Indians were forming new strategies for survival in a world that had been radically changed. Finally, Mancall compares Indian drinking in New France and New Spain with that in the British colonies. Forever shattering the stereotype of the drunken Indian, Mancall offers a powerful indictment of English participation in the liquor trade and a new awareness of the trade's tragic cost for the American Indians.
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Alcohol Abuse alcohol to Indians alcohol trade American Indian became believed Bossu brandy brandy trade British America Canada Carolina Christian clerics colonial officials colonial period commerce Conrad Weiser consumption CRSC Indian Affairs cultural David Zeisberger Delaware dians Docs drank drinkers drunk drunken Indians early eastern woodlands efforts eighteenth century empire England English Europeans Franklin French fur trade Genetics George Croghan Governor History ibid Illinois country Indian communities Indian country Indian drinking Indian villages Indians and colonists inebriated intoxicated Iroquois James James Kenny Jesuit John Johnson Papers Jonathan Carver Journal liquor to Indians liquor trade lived London missionaries Native Native American North America noted numbers observers Ohio Pennsylvania Philadelphia plantation planters problems Province pulque records Recs relations reported rituals rum trade sachems Savages sell seventeenth century Sir William Johnson slaves social Society sold stop sugar tavern Thomas trans Travels treaty vols wanted William women wrote York