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action admitted arise authority Belli ac Pacis belligerent belong British government British India cession CHIG civilised claim consent constitutional courts discovery distributive justice doctrine droit duties empire enemy enforce England established Europe European exercise existence extent fact France Grotius Handbuch des Völkerrechts Holy Roman Empire human imperial inchoate title independent individual interest international law international society jural laws Jure Belli ac jurisdiction jus gentium jus naturale justice justified kriegsraison latter law of nations law of nature laws of war limits Lord Lord Wellesley Majesty Makololo Martens Ferrão means ment moral mutual national law natural law necessary necessity neutral occupation opinion Oregon Question party Peace of Westphalia pentarchy persons political possession practice principle prohibition protectorate Pufendorff question reason recognised regard relations retorsion right of self-preservation RSITY rules ships sovereign subjects term territorial sovereignty tion treaty uncivilised regions United UNIV violated writers
Page 217 - Her Majesty being desirous that the governments of the several princes and chiefs of India who now govern their own territories should be perpetuated, and that the representation and dignity of their houses should be continued...
Page 116 - It will be for that Government to show a necessity of self-defence, instant, overwhelming, leaving no choice of means, and no moment for deliberation. It will be for it to show, also, that the local authorities of Canada, even supposing the necessity of the moment authorized them to enter the territories of the United States at all, did nothing unreasonable or excessive ; since the act, justified by the necessity of selfdefence, must be limited by that necessity, and kept clearly within it.
Page 154 - They may, more correctly, perhaps, be denominated domestic dependent nations. They occupy a territory to which we assert a title independent of their will, which must take effect in point of possession when their right of possession ceases. Meanwhile they are in a state of pupilage. Their relation to the United States resembles that of a ward to his guardian.
Page 124 - ... reference to their immediate bearing upon some particular state or states, or be made prospectively the basis of an alliance. They regard its exercise as an exception to general principles, of the greatest value and importance, and as one that only properly grows out of the circumstances of the special case ; but they, at the same time, consider, that exceptions* of this description never can, without the utmost danger, be so far reduced to rule, as to be incorporated into the ordinary diplomacy...
Page 161 - Any Power which henceforth takes possession of a tract of land on the coasts of the African Continent outside of its present possessions, or which, being hitherto without such possessions, shall acquire them, as well as the Power which assumes a Protectorate there, shall accompany the respective act with a notification thereof, addressed to the other Signatory Powers of the present Act, in order to enable them, if need be, to make good any claims of their own.
Page 163 - The Signatory Powers of the present Act recognize the obligation to insure the establishment of authority in the regions occupied by them on the coasts of the African Continent sufficient to protect existing rights, and, as the case may be, freedom of trade and of transit under the conditions agreed upon.
Page 215 - The principles of international law have no bearing upon the relations between the Government of India as representing the Queen-Empress on the one hand, and the Native States under the Suzerainty of Her Majesty on the other. The paramount supremacy of the former presupposes and implies the subordination of the latter.
Page 68 - The common law of nations," he says, "can only be learnt from reason and custom. I do not deny that authority may add weight to reason, but I prefer to seek it in a constant custom of concluding treaties in one sense or another and in examples that have occurred in one country or another.
Page 147 - But, as they were all in pursuit of nearly the same object, it was necessary, in order to avoid conflicting settlements, and consequent war with each other, to establish a principle, which all should acknowledge as the law by which the right of acquisition, which they all asserted, should be regulated as between themselves. This principle was, that discovery gave title to the government by whose subjects, or by whose authority, it was made, against all other European governments, which title might...
Page 147 - In the establishment of these relations the rights of the original inhabitants were in no instance entirely disregarded, but were necessarily to a considerable extent impaired. They were admitted to be the rightful occupants of the soil, with a legal as well as just claim to retain possession of it and to use it according to their own discretion...