A History of Ancient Philosophy II: Plato and Aristotle
In this book Reale presents Plato and Aristotle.
At the center of Reale s interpretation of Plato is the fulcrum of the supersensible, the metaphysical discovery that Plato presented as a result of the Second Voyage. This discovery of the supersensible is, in Reale s view, not only the fundamental phase of ancient thought, but it also constitutes a milestone on the path of western philosophy.
Reale presents Plato in three different dimensions: the theoretic, the mystical-religious, and the political. Each of these components takes on meaning from the Second Voyage. In addition, Reale has shown that only in the light of the Unwritten Doctrines handed down through the indirect tradition, do these three components, and the Second Voyage itself, acquire their full meaning, and only in this way is a unitary conception of Plato s thought achieved.
The interpretation of Aristotle that Reale proposes depends on his interpretation of Plato. Aristotle read without preconceptions is not the antithesis of Plato. Reale points out that Aristotle was unique among thinkers close to Plato, in being the one who developed, at least in part, his Second Voyage. The systematic-unitary interpretation of Aristotle which Reale has previously supported converges with the new systematic-unitary interpretation of Plato. Certain doctrinal positions which are usually reserved to treatments in monographs will be explored, because only in this way can the two distinctive traits of Aristotle s thought emerge: the way in which he tries to overcome and confirm the Socratic-Platonic positions, and the way in which he formally creates the system of philosophical knowledge."
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The Mediation Attempted by Plato between the Written and the Oral and the Structural Relationship between the Written and the Unwritten
The Important Problems that Have Beset the Interpretation of Plato and Their Most Plausible Solution in the Light of the New Research
The Second Voyage as a Journey from the Physical Inquiries of the Presocratics to the Metaphysical Level
The Platonic Theory of Ideas and Some Problems Connected to It
The Unwritten Doctrines of the First Principles and the Highest and Most Important Metaphysical Concepts Connected to Them
The Metaphysics of the Ideas in the Light of the Protologic of the Unwritten Doctrine and Allusions That Plato Makes to the Doctrine of the Principles
The Doctrine of the Demiurge and Cosmology
Epistemology and Dialectic
The Political Component of Platonic Thought and Its Relationship with the Protologic of the Unwritten Doctrines
The Myth of the Cave as a Symbol of Platonic Thought in All Its Fundamental Valences
Some Summits of the Thought of Plato Remain
A Critical Premise The HistoricalGenetic Method and the Modern Interpretation of Aristotelian Thought
The Basic Points of Contact between Plato and Aristotle The Truthfulness of the Second Voyage
The Basic Differences between Aristotle and Plato
The Conception of Art and Rhetoric
Relevance of the MysticalReligiousAscetic Component of Platonism
The Immortality of the Soul Its Ultraterrestrial Destiny and Its Reincarnation
The New Moral Asoetic
The Mysticism of Philia and Eros
Plato a Prophet?
The EthicalReligious Component of Platonic Thought and its Relationship with the Protologic of the Unwritten Doctrines
The Importance and Significance of the Political Component of Platonism
The Republic or the Construction of the Ideal CityState
The Man of the State Written Laws and Constitution
The Second State of the Laws
The Foundation of Logic
The Destiny of Aristotelian Philosophy
The Achievements and Aporias of Aristotelian Philosophy
according achieved affirmation aporias Aristotelian Aristotle beautiful become body cause City-State complete conception conclusion Consequently constitutes Demiurge demonstration dialectic dialogues divine Dyad Eleatic enthymeme entities essence eternal evil exist explained expression F. M. Cornford fact function Gaiser Gorgias grasp Greek happiness hence highest human ideal Numbers immobile important indirect tradition insofar intelligible interpretation kind knowledge live logic material Principle mathematical matter means measure metaphysical mind Movent multiplicity myth nature necessary Nicomachean Ethics not-being notion object ontological ousia Parmenides passage passim Phaedo Phaedrus Philebus philosopher physical Plato Platonic thought pleasure political possible potency precisely problem protologic pure reality reason relation Republic rhetoric second voyage sense sensible things simply Socrates soul speak sphere Stagirite structure substance supersensible supreme syllogism synolon term Theaetetus theory of Ideas Timaeus trans true truth understand unity Unwritten Doctrines virtue W. D. Ross writings