Arctic Climate Impact Assessment - Scientific Report
The Arctic is now experiencing some of the most rapid and severe climate change on earth. Over the next 100 years, climate change is expected to accelerate, contributing to major physical, ecological, social, and economic changes, many of which have already begun. Changes in arctic climate will also affect the rest of the world through increased global warming and rising sea levels. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment was prepared by an international team of over 300 scientists, experts, and knowledgeable members of indigenous communities. The report has been thoroughly researched, is fully referenced, and provides the first comprehensive evaluation of arctic climate change, changes in ultraviolet radiation and their impacts for the region and for the world. It is illustrated in full color throughout. The results provided the scientific foundations for the ACIA synthesis report - Impacts of a Warming Arctic - published by Cambridge University Press in 2004.
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ACIA air temperature Alaska albedo anadromous annual AOGCMs aquatic Arctic char arctic climate Arctic Ocean areas Assessment atmospheric biological biomass boreal Callaghan Canada Canadian carbon climate change climate models coastal cycles decrease distribution downscaling dynamics Ecology ecosys ecosystems effects emissions scenario environment environmental change fish fisheries fluxes freshwater Geophysical Research glaciers Global Change Greenland growth habitat HadCM3 Holocene Ice Sheet impacts indigenous interactions IPCC Irom Journal of Geophysical Journal ol lakes latitudes likelv manv marine microbial North Atlantic northern Nunavut nutrient observations occur organic ozone depletion period permafrost plants polar population potential precipitation processes productivity projected changes range rates response result rivers Science sea ice sea-level seasonal simulations snow cover soil spatial species stratospheric subarctic summer surface Svalbard temperature increases terrestrial thaw tion trends tundra UV radiation UV radiation levels UV-B UV-B radiation variability variations vegetation warming wetlands winter