The English Woman in Egypt : Letters from Cairo written during a residence there in 1842 - 46
First published in 1844 and 1846, The Englishwoman in Egypt is the collected observations of Sophia Poole, who lived in Cairo from 1842 until 1849 with her brother, the well known Orientalist Edward Lane, and her two children. During her residence, Poole learned Arabic and adopted Egyptian clothing that enabled her not only to observe day-to-day life in the streets and markets but also to enter hammams and harems and interact on an intimate level with Egyptian women of different classes. Poole ultimately had access, in fact, to the highest levels of society, including the family of the viceroy, Mohamed 'Ali Pasha, and recorded her experiences there with the same eye for detail and understanding of underlying customs as she brought to bear in the marketplace. She moves effortlessly from situation to situation - the pasha's daughter smoking her jewel-encrusted pipe, the homesick slave-girl, the occupation of ladies of leisure - one scene after another is unfolded in her writing that reveals not only a mind that observes and records but a human being who attempts to feel and understand a different culture.
In contrast to her brother's dense works of research, Sophia Poole's was cast in the form of letters to a friend. These letters cover her arrival in Alexandria and trip up the Nile to Cairo, as well as her life in Cairo, with its visits to surrounding villages. The Englishwoman in Egypt is at once entertaining and informative. If Edward Lane kept alive for posterity a post-medieval Cairo that has since disappeared, then his sister in her work no doubt complemented that great achievement by presenting the same world from a feminine perspective that he as a man could not have access to.
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Situation and construction of AlexandriaSupply of waterClimate
Danger in travelling through the streets of CairoPrejudice against
or Castle of the RamSebeels or public fountainsHods or watering
Treatment of females in the hareemsCruelty practiced by the middle
Bigotry of renegadesCruelty of the MemlooksChristian orphansVile
Polite attention of Nezleh HanumMore dancing and a farceWinter
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agreeable Alexandria amused ancient appearance Arab arrived attended beautiful Breccia bride brother Cairo called camels Cashmere chamber chief lady Christian citadel colour Coptic Copts Dear Friend described Description desert diamonds divan dress East Eastern Edward Edward Lane Efreet Egyptians embroidered Englishwoman in Egypt entrance eunuchs European eyes Ezbekeeyeh feet female festivities girl gold hareem Harriet Martineau Heliopolis husband Jason Thompson Kasr khaleefehs Khamaseen Lane Poole Lane's Leila Ahmed Letter Lieder Malval manner marriage Memlooks mentioned metropolis Modern Egyptians Mohammad Alee month mosque mother Muslims nearly Nezleh Hanum night Nile observed occasion occupied palace Pasha passage passed persons poor present pyramids Reginald Stuart Poole remarkable respect river round saloon saltah scene Second Series seen servants sherbet Sheykh side slaves Sophia Poole square stone streets Sultan tombs town Turkish wall wife wind women