Reason Over Passion: The Social Basis of Evaluation and Appraisal
"Reason is not passion's slave." Rather, the author argues, reason appraises the cultural appropriateness of passion, thus directing our attitudinal behaviour. He refutes those theories of value which correspond philosophically to societies described by Jean-Jacques Rousseau: societies of "honour without virtue, reason without wisdom, pleasure without happiness." His argument, which takes into account traditional philosophic positions, is divided into five parts: Attitudes, Evaluation, Characterization, Culture, Morality.
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adequate affective anthropocentric appraisive beliefs appraisive notions appraisive qualities appraisive terms argument ascribe ascription assessment behaviour C. L. Stevenson causal characteristic characterization claims cognitive complex attitudes conception concern conventional correct cultural facts D. Z. Phillips danger define deliberation describable descriptive desire determine difference dispositions distinction distinguish egocentric emotion entail epistemic Ethics evidence example existence experience explained expressions fear formal G. E. M. Anscombe human identified independent individual institutional facts interest interpretation irrational J. O. Urmson John Rawls judgments justify knowledge lack logical logically independent metaphysical moral attitudes motivated natural non-cognitive object observation one's pain perception phenomena Philippa Foot philosophical pity possible practices principles properties prudence question R. M. Hare rational reasons for action recognize reference regarded relationships requires rude sense sentences significant simple attitudes social society statements Stuart Hampshire theory things tion understand understood in terms words worthy
Page 1 - ... shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne. They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think; every effort we can make to throw off our subjection will serve but to demonstrate and confirm it. In words a man may pretend to abjure their empire; but in reality he will remain subject to it all the while.