Caste, Marriage, and Inequality: Essays on North and South India
"As an ethnographer of villages, Pauline Kolenda has worked in north, central and south India. Fourteen of her papers, written between 1976 and 2001, are collected in this volume. Part I is composed of four papers concerning Khalapur, in western Uttar Pradesh, where Kolenda did fieldwork first in 1954 and last in 1998. Two concern 'untouchable' Sweepers, one describing how Sweeper women experience the practice of mandatory levirate; the other describing the Sweeper men's risqué humor that seems to turn the system of purdah upside down. A third records changes in the discourse on caste in Khalapur over thirty years, and the last demonstrates the marked decline in child mortality in Khalapur over recent decades and seeks to explain that decline. Part II is composed of four papers concerning villagers of Kanyakumari district, in Tamilnadu, where Kolenda did fieldwork first in 1967 and last in 1997. Three of the papers concern Smartha Brahmans-their loss of the elite status they had had when they served the Maharaja of Travancore, their unusual family structure related to their adoption of secular education and migration out for work, and their experiences of out-migration. The fourth paper discusses the circulation of land among villagers of various caste-communities in Kanyakumari. Kolenda's ethnographic fieldwork in Rajasthan in the 1960's and 70's is an ingredient in the paper in Part III on joint families in Rajasthan that relies heavily on data from the Census of India 1961. Two comparative papers compose Part IV-one comparing the image of 'woman' in weddings in Khalapur and in Kanyakumari, and the other comparing brother-sister relations in north, central and south India. In Part V is a paper on Caste in India from the vantage of the mid-1980's. Finally, Part VI contains two papers on different aspects of inequality. One compares inequality in India and the USA. The other speaks of the too-easy scapegoating of 'untouchables' in a scholarly discourse."
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Memories of a Brahman Agraharam in Travancore
The Tamil Brahman Family as Affected by OutMigration
Caste in India Since Independence
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agraharam anthropologists anti-Brahman bahanoi basti Bhangis Brahmans bride bridegroom Calcutta caste communities caste system Census of India ceremony Chamar Chiter Chuhras collateral-set cross-cousin cultural daughter Delhi Dharmarajapuram Dumont elder ethnographic father female gifts girl groom hamlet Haradi Hindu husband ideology Jaipur District Jats Jodhpur joint family joint family households joking relationship Kanyakumari district Khalapur Kharu Kinship Kolenda land live Madras Maharaja male marriage married relatives mother mother-in-law Muslim Nadars Nagercoil Nangal Nattati Nadars non-Brahman North India older parents party patrilineage patrilineal percent political population Prashad proportions of joint purdah Quintile Rajasthan Rajput region religious residence revised family structure rites ritual rural sala samdhan samdhi sexual sibling sibling-set Sikhs sister social society South Asia Subramaniam suggests sweepers Tamil Brahmans Tamilnadu Tehsil temple Travancore Trivandrum untouchable Uttar Pradesh Valmikis Vellalas village wedding widow wife wife's brother wives woman women young younger brother