The Politics of Households in Ottoman Egypt: The Rise of the Qazdaglis
In a lucidly argued revisionist study of Ottoman Egypt, first published in 1996, Jane Hathaway challenges the traditional view that Egypt's military elite constituted a revival of the institutions of the Mamluk sultanate. The author contends that the framework within which this elite operated was the household, a conglomerate of patron-client ties that took various forms. In this respect, she argues, Egypt's elite represented a provincial variation on an empire-wide, household-based political culture. The study focuses on the Qazdagli household. Originally, a largely Anatolian contingent within Egypt's Janissary regiment, the Qazdaglis dominated Egypt by the late eighteenth century. Using Turkish and Arabic archival sources, Jane Hathaway sheds light on the manner in which the Qazdaglis exploited the Janissary rank hierarchy, while forming strategic alliances through marriage, commercial partnerships and the patronage of palace eunuchs.
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Egypts place in the Ottoman Empire
Transformations in seventeenth and eighteenthcentury Egyptian military society
The emergence and partnership of the Qazdagh and Jalfi households
The ascendancy of Ibrahim Kahya alQazdagli and the emergence of the Qazdagli beylicate
Marriage alliances and the role of women in the household
Abdullah Kahya Abdurrahman Kahya Agha's Ahmad Celebi Ahmed Aja'ib Al-Damurdashi al-Hallaq al-Jabarti al-Khashshab alliances Anatolian Arabic Awdah Awqaf Awqaf al-Haramayn Azbakiyya Azeban Azeban corps Bey Abu Bey Qatamish beylicate Cairo Chief Black Eunuch chronicles clients Corbaci Crecelius David Ayalon defterdar Durra Egypt's military society Egyptian eighteenth century elite Evliya Celebi exiled Faqari favuf followers grandees harem Hasan Agha Bilifya Hasan Cavus Hasan Kahya Hiiseyin Hijaz household head Ibrahim Bey Ibrahim Cavus imperial Ismail Bey Istanbul Ivaz Jalfi household Janissary corps Janissary officers Jirja Kapan kdhya Mamluk Mamluk sultanate Mehmed Bey Miihimme-i Misir Murad Bey Mustafa Kahya Osman Bey Ziilfikar Osman Cavus Osman Kahya Ottoman Egypt Ottoman Empire palace Pasha pilgrimage commander political Qazdagh household Ragib rank regimental officers registers revenues ri'asa sancak sarrdjes seventeenth century shaykh soldiers subprovince Suleyman tabf Tarih-i Misir-i Kahire tax farms Turkish vekil villages waqf wealth Yusuf Agha Ziilfikar Zulfikar