Energy Management Handbook

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The Fairmont Press, Inc., 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 909 pages
 

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Contents

152 INSULATION MATERIALS
439
153 INSULATION SELECTION
443
154 INSULATION THICKNESS DETERMINATION
448
155 INSULATION ECONOMICS
461
USE OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
471
163 WIND ENERGY
484
164 REFUSEDERIVED FUEL
489
165 FUEL CELLS
493

28 STRATEGIC PLANNING
16
210 OWNERSHIP
17
ENERGY AUDITING
23
34 SPECIALIZED AUDIT TOOLS
33
35 INDUSTRIAL AUDITS
34
36 COMMERCIAL AUDITS
36
37 RESIDENTIAL AUDITS
37
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
41
43 GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
42
44 SOURCES OF FUNDS
43
45 TAX CONSIDERATIONS
44
46 TIME VALUE OF MONEY CONCEPTS
46
47 PROJECT MEASURES OF WORTH
54
48 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
58
49 SPECIAL PROBLEMS
64
410 SUMMARY AND ADDITIONAL EXAMPLE APPLICATIONS
69
BOILERS AND FIRED SYSTEMS
87
53 KEY ELEMENTS FOR MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY
89
54 FUEL CONSIDERATIONS
116
DIRECT CONTACT TECHNOLOGY FOR HOT WATER PRODUCTION
123
STEAM AND CONDENSATE SYSTEMS
125
62 THERMAL PROPERTIES OF STEAM
126
63 ESTIMATING STEAM USAGE AND ITS VALUE
133
64 STEAM TRAPS AND THEIR APPLICATION
139
65 CONDENSATE RECOVERY
147
COGENERATION AND DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
155
72 COGENERATION SYSTEM DESIGN AND ANALYSIS
157
73 COMPUTER PROGRAMS
174
PURPA
176
CASE EXAMPLES
178
WASTEHEAT RECOVERY
193
82 THE WASTEHEAT SURVEY
201
83 WASTEHEAT EXCHANGERS
207
84 COMMERCIAL OPTIONS IN WASTEHEATRECOVERY EQUIPMENT
211
85 ECONOMICS OF WASTEHEAT RECOVERY
218
BUILDING ENVELOPE
221
92 PRINCIPLES OF ENVELOPE ANALYSIS
223
93 METAL ELEMENTS IN ENVELOPE COMPONENTS
225
94 ROOFS
230
95 FLOORS
233
96 FENESTRATION
234
97 INFILTRATION
237
98 SUMMARIZING ENVELOPE PERFORMANCE WITH THE BUILDING LOAD COEFFICIENT
239
99 THERMAL WEIGHT
240
911 ENVELOPE ANALYSIS FOR NEW BUILDINGS
245
914 ADDITIONAL READING
246
HVAC SYSTEMS
247
103 HUMAN THERMAL COMFORT
248
104 HVAC SYSTEM TYPES
249
105 ENERGY CONSERVATION OPPORTUNITIES
259
106 COOLING EQUIPMENT
269
107 DOMESTIC HOT WATER
271
108 ESTIMATING HVAC ENERGY CONSUMPTION
272
ELECTRIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT
273
113 EFFECTS OF UNBALANCED VOLTAGES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF POLYPHASE SQUIRRELCAGE INDUCTION MOTORS MG 12056
274
115 MOTOR
275
117 POWER FACTOR
279
118 HANDY ELECTRICAL FORMULAS RULES OF THUMB
281
1110 DETERMINING ELECTRIC MOTOR OPERATING LOADS
282
1113 AMPERAGE READINGS
284
1115 COMPARING MOTORS
286
1116 SENSITIVITY OF LOAD TO MOTOR RPM
290
1117 THEORETICAL POWER CONSUMPTION
291
1118 MOTOR EFFICIENCY MANAGEMENT
294
1121 HOW TO START MPMP
295
1122 NAMEPLATE GLOSSARY
298
ENERGY MANAGEMENT CONTROL SYSTEMS
315
122 JUSTIFICATION OF EMCSs
321
123 SYSTEMS INTEGRATION
326
LIGHTING
353
133 PROCESS TO IMPROVE LIGHTING EFFICIENCY
367
134 MAINTENANCE
368
135 NEW TECHNOLOGIES PRODUCTS
370
136 SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
379
137 DAYLIGHTING
383
138 COMMON RETROFITS
385
1310 SCHEMATICS
390
1311 GLOSSARY
397
ENERGY SYSTEMS MAINTENANCE
401
142 DETAILED MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
413
143 MATERIALS HANDLING MAINTENANCE
421
144 TRUCK OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
423
145 MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
426
146 SAVING ENERGY DOLLARS IN MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE
430
147 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
433
INDUSTRIAL INSULATION
437
INDOOR AIR QUALITY
497
172 WHAT IS THE CURRENT SITUATION?
499
173 SOLUTIONS AND PREVENTION OF IEQ PROBLEMS
500
ELECTRIC AND GAS UTILITY RATES FOR COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL CUSTOMERS
507
183 RATE STRUCTURES
508
184 INNOVATIVE RATE TYPES
509
185 CALCULATION OF A MONTHLY BILL
510
186 CONDUCTING A LOAD STUDY
513
187 EFFECTS OF DEREGULATION ON CUSTOMER RATES
516
THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE
519
192 STORAGE SYSTEMS
521
193 STORAGE MEDIUMS
523
194 SYSTEM CAPACITY
526
195 ECONOMIC SUMMARY
532
CODES STANDARDS LEGISLATION
539
202 STATE CODES
540
203 MODEL ENERGY CODE
541
205 INDOOR AIR QUALITY IAQ STANDARDS
542
206 REGULATIONS STANDARDS IMPACTING CFCs
543
207 REGULATORY AND LEGISLATIVE ISSUES IMPACTING AIR QUALITY
544
208 REGULATORY AND LEGISLATIVE ISSUES IMPACTING COGENERATION INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCTION2
545
209 OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SPOT MARKET
546
2010 THE CLIMATIC CHANGE ACTION PLAN
547
NATURAL GAS PURCHASING
549
212 INTRODUCTION
550
213 NATURAL GAS AS A FUEL
553
214 BUYING NATURAL GAS
566
215 NEW FRONTIERS FOR THE GAS INDUSTRY
575
CONTROL SYSTEMS
577
223 WHY OPTIMIZATION?
578
225 CONTROL MODES
580
226 INPUTOUTPUT DEVICES
584
227 VALVES AND DAMPERS
586
229 BASIC CONTROL BLOCK DIAGRAMS
589
2210 KEY ELEMENTS OF SUCCESSFULLY APPLIED AUTOMATIC CONTROLS
590
2211 OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
592
2213 BASIC ENERGYSAVING CONTROL APPLICATIONS
594
2216 CONTROL SYSTEM APPLICATION PITFALLS TO AVOID
601
2219 CONCLUSION AND FURTHER STUDY
605
2220 GLOSSARY OF TERMS
616
ENERGY SECURITY AND RELIABILITY
621
232 RISK ANALYSIS METHODS
624
233 COUNTERMEASURES
630
234 ECONOMICS OF ENERGY SECURITY AND RELIABILITY
632
235 LINKS TO ENERGY MANAGEMENT
633
236 IMPACT OF UTILITY DEREGULATION
634
UTILITY DEREGULATION AND ENERGY SYSTEM OUTSOURCING
637
242 THE TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND THE FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSIONS FERC ROLE IN PROMOTING COMPETIT...
638
243 STRANDED COSTS
639
244 STATUS OF STATE ELECTRIC INDUSTRY RESTRUCTURING ACTIVITY
640
247 THE TENSTEP PROGRAM TO SUCCESSFUL UTILITY DEREGULATION
641
248 AGGREGATION
643
FINANCING ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROJECTS
649
253 FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS DETAILS AND TERMINOLOGY
652
254 APPLYING FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS A CASE STUDY
653
255 PROS CONS OF EACH FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENT
664
256 CHARACTERISTICS THAT INFLUENCE WHICH FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENT IS BEST
665
257 INCORPORATING STRATEGIC ISSUES WHEN SELECTING FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
666
COMMISSIONING FOR ENERGY MANAGEMENT
671
263 THE COMMISSIONING PROCESS IN EXISTING BUILDINGS
672
264 COMMISSIONING MEASURES
680
265 ENSURING OPTIMUM BUILDING PERFORMANCE
695
268 FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
704
MEASUREMENT AND VERIFICATION OF ENERGY SAVINGS
707
272 OVERVIEW OF MEASUREMENT AND VERIFICATION METHODS
711
GROUNDSOURCE HEAT PUMPS APPLIED TO COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS
755
283 INTRODUCTION TO GROUNDSOURCE HEAT PUMPS
756
284 ABOUT THE TECHNOLOGY
757
285 APPLICATION
767
286 TECHNOLOGY PERFORMANCE
771
287 HYPOTHETICAL CASE STUDIES
774
288 THE TECHNOLOGY IN PERSPECTIVE
781
289 MANUFACTURERS
783
2810 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION
785
CHAPTER 29 SUSTAINABILITY AND HIGH PERFORMANCE GREEN BUILDINGS
793
292 SUSTAINABILITY GIVES RISE TO THE GREEN BUILDING MOVEMENT
794
A TECHNICAL REVIEW
798
294 LEED FOR EXISTING BUILDINGS RATING SYSTEM LEEDEB ADOPTED IN 2004
801
295 SUMMARY DISCUSSION OF TWO NEW LEED PROGRAMS
804
296 THE LEED PROCESS
805
297 ASHRAE GUIDES DEVELOPED TO SUPPORT LEED
808
THERMAL SCIENCES REVIEW
815
CONVERSION FACTORS AND PROPERTY TABLES
837
REVIEW OF ELECTRICAL SCIENCE
887
INDEX
901
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Page 42 - ... replacement and maintenance costs are similar to annual expenses and revenues except that they do not (or are not expected to) occur annually. The salvage (or residual) value of an investment is the revenue (or expense) attributed to disposing of the investment at the end of its useful life. A.3.3 Cash Flow Diagrams A convenient way to display the revenues (savings) and costs associated with an investment is a cash flow diagram. By using a cash flow diagram, the timing of the cash flows are more...

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