Tools for Analyzing the World's Languages: Morphology and Syntax
In this expansion of work by John Daly, Larry Lyman, and Mary Rhodes, Albert Bickford shares his enthusiasm for languages and linguistics with the reader by presenting a practical guide for acquiring skills necessary to analyze the morphology and syntax of languages around the world. Written in an informal, personal style, this is a practical book for teacher and student alike, a rich storehouse of references and helps in addition to the theoretical content drawn broadly from work within generative grammar. Most chapters begin with a statement of goals and a list of prerequisites for understanding the information contained in them. Examples and explanatory diagrams are distributed liberally throughout the text. The review of key terms, questions for analysis, and sample descriptions which appear at the end of most chapters help the student to apply the theoretical material. References for further reading are provided for those wishing to study further. Dr. Bickford serves in Tucson, Arizona, as a linguistic consultant with the Summer Institute of Linguistics, teaching and advising language workers who are investigating the languages of Mexico. Most summers he teaches the course from which this book developed at the Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of North Dakota, and directs the University's graduate program in linguistics.
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Standard Grammatical Terminology
Morphology Group 1
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adjectives adverbs AdvP allomorphs analyzed assume bound words called chapter 10 Inflectional Choapan Zapotec clause structure clitics commands consider constituent content questions deep structure derivational morphology direct object discussion embedded clauses English example express feature assignment rules formal analysis formal grammar gender glosses grammatical categories grammatical relations head noun hypothesis indirect inflectional morphology inflectional spellout rules interrogative word intransitive irregular languages lexical entries lexicon linguistic meaning Mexican Sign Language morpheme Morphophonemics node nonactive complements noun phrase NP[DO NP[Su obliques occur optional paradigms passive person and number phonological rules phrasal affix phrase structure rules possessor postpositions prefix preposition refer relative clause relative pronoun relativized position second person semantic roles sentence stem SUBCAT feature SUBCAT list subcategorization suffix suppletion surface structure syntactic category syntax third person transformation Transformational Grammar tree types Verbal Valence vowel word boundaries word formation rule write Zapotec