Trends in Outside Support for Insurgent Movements
Rand Corporation, Nov 20, 2001 - Political Science - 164 pages
The most useful forms of outside support for an insurgent movement include safe havens, financial support, political backing, and direct military assistance. Because states are able to provide all of these types of assistance, their support has had a profound impact on the effectiveness of many rebel movements since the end of the Cold War. However, state support is no longer the only, or indeed necessarily the most important, game in town. Diasporas have played a particularly important role in sustaining several strong insurgencies. More rarely, refugees, guerrilla groups, or other types of non-state supporters play a significant role in creating or sustaining an insurgency, offering fighters, training, or other forms of assistance. This report assesses post-Cold War trends in external support for insurgent movements. It describes the frequency that states, diasporas, refugees, and other non-state actors back guerrilla movements. It also assesses the motivations of these actors and which types of support matter most. This book concludes by assessing the implications for analysts of insurgent movements.
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Chapter One INTRODUCTION
Chapter Two STATE SUPPORT FOR INSURGENCIES
Chapter Three DIASPORA SUPPORT FOR INSURGENCIES
Chapter Four REFUGEE SUPPORT FOR INSURGENCIES
Chapter Five OTHER NONSTATE SUPPORTERS OF INSURGENCIES
Chapter Six ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF EXTERNAL SUPPORT
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activities Afghan Afghanistan Angola arms Army assistance Bangkok border Cold War conflict Congo Country Insurgency Name country’s Democratic diaspora support ECOMOG ethnic example external support fighters forces forms of support fundraising funds gencies guerrilla helped Hezbollah human rights Hutu ideology impact important India Kashmir insurgency’s insurgent groups insurgent movements interahamwe Iran Iraq Islamic Islamist Kabila Kashmir Kurdish Lebanese Liberation Front Liberia LTTE LTTE’s militants military Mobutu Muslim National non-state actors non-state supporters NPFL operations Pakistan Palestinian political support post–Cold propaganda proxies rebel groups rebel movements recruits regime religious organizations revolutionary groups Revolutionary United Front rival role Russia Rwanda safe haven Shi’a Sierra Leone Soviet sponsors Sri Lanka state’s struggle Sudan support for insurgencies support insurgencies Support Support Support Tajikistan Taliban Tamil diaspora Tamil Tigers Taylor terrorist Tigers tion Uganda United Uzbekistan wealthy individuals weapons Yes Yes