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idly spread; soon every Presbyterian pulpit in Central Kentucky knew him as the most daring, resolute, indexible, and as one of the most eloquent of the soldiers of the Cross. A thorough scholar, not only in the classics and in modern languages but also in the natural and exact sciences, and with a literary style in composition at once chaste and elegant, as a pulpit orator Dr. Campbell has never had a superior, and but few, if any, equals in the West. With a fervid eloquence that swept all before it, as a theologian he was at once learned, profound and critical; as a logician and controversialist he was the most dangerous, as he came to be one of the most dreaded, of opponents. Said Dr. E. P. Humphrey of him: "As a preacher he was distinguished for weight of matter, brilliant diction, the flashing of a deep-set, dark-blue eye, elegance of style, and gracefulness of delivery." Old Dr. Louis Marshall, himself one of the most accurate scholars and first thinkers of the country, regarded him as the greatest intellect and most wonderful orator he had ever met; he united with the church under Dr. Campbell's administration, and named a son after him. Drs. Timothy Dwight and Archibald Alexander, the elder John Breckinridge, and other public men of like standing, his contemporaries, admirers and friends, placed an equally high and just estimate upon him. It is worthy of note, as indicating the order of his well-poised mind and his uncle- ating adherence to his own convictions, that while, in 1806, over the signature of Vindex,h& most ably "vindicated the principles and practices of his fellow-churchmen against the rash and harsh charges of a clerical antagonist, who had passed the most bitter and sweeping censure upon "the private and religious character of all who held slaves," Dr. Campbell was one of the first clergymen in Kentucky to urge the policy of legal and constitutional emancipation, and, consistently with his utterances, to set an example in the philanthropic work, by the liberation of his own slaves." His convictions upon this subject finally led to his removal to Ohio. Prof. Tyndall, in his remarkable address to the " British Association for the Advancement of Science," in 1874, says that Sir Benjamin Brodie, the distinguished English physician, first drew his attention to the fact that, "as early as 1794, Charles Darwin's grandfather was the pioneer of Charles Darwin;" and the New York Nation, shortly afterward, spoke of "the perhaps over ingenious connection of Darwinism with the philosophy of Democritus." "Now, all concede that the germs of the Darwinian theory were derived, by the elder Darwin, from the writings of the early philosophers, including the writings of Democritus, a learned physician. Notwithstanding the notable variation by descent the doctrine has undergone, its germinal idea is undoubtedly traceable, through the elder Darwin, to a remote classical source. A striking illustration of the thoroughness, the accuracy, and the high quality of Dr. Campbell's scholarship is the fact, that, as early as 1812, in his criticisms upon the theories of the elder Darwin, as developed in his Zoortomia and the Botanic Garden, he anticipated Sir Benjamin Brodie and Prof. Tyndall, of our own day, in the detection of the germinal ideas from which the Darwinian theory of evolution is derived. Said Dr. Campbell, in his "Letters to a Gentleman at the Bar"—the celebrated Joseph Hamilton Daviess: "It had been thought that a vast accession of light had flashed upon the world when the author (Dr. Erasmus Darwin) published his celebrated work. It was hailed as a new era in philosophy. . . . But, . . . the philosophy was not new; the design of the poetic exhibition was not new, nor did the manner of the author possess a shadow of a claim to novelty. The doctrines had long ago been taught by Protagoras, Strato, Democritus, and Leucippus. Epicurus had improved on the Democratic philosophy, and his admirer and disciple, Lucretius, had touched its various themes in a fine style of poetic representation. All that Dr. Darwin did, was to modernize the doctrines of the atomic philosophy, and embellish them with the late discoveries made in botany, chemistry and physics. . . . Our philosopher . . . tells us that the progenitors of mankind were hermaphrodites, monsters, or mules, and that the mules which did not possess the powers of reproduction perished, while the rest, who were more fortunate in their make, propagated the species which, by gradual and longcontinued amelioration has been molded into its present shape and figure." Dr. Campbell here quotes a passage from the 5th book of Lucretius, in which the same doctrine is taught, and another from Aristotle, to prove that the same hypothesis is traceable to Empedocles, who flourished at a still earlier date. In brief, he conclusively demonstrates that the idea of the struggle for existence, and of the survival of those species best fitted for the conditions of that struggle, "was familiar to ancient thinkers." Since the appearance of that epochal work, " The Origin of Species," later investigators, unconsciously adopting the conclusions of Dr. Campbell, have re-discovered the vague, fluctuating and elusive line of descent upon which the Darwinian theory was slowly evolved.* The acute theologian and ripe scholar did not exaggerate the dangers which threatened Christianity. The younger Darwin, himself, in adopting his undernonstrated theory, rejected his previous belief in all revealed religion. His doctrine of evolution strikes at the very foundation of the faith. Than Dr. Campbell no abler antagonist to this destructive idea has since entered the lists. His active investigation in the field of archaeological inquiry, even before the time of Rafincsque, illustrated the versatility of his genius, and the variety of subjects of which he was the accomplished master. His labors were concluded at Chillicome, in 1814, at the age of forty-six years. While actively engaged in the practice of medicine, and in botanical and antiquarian research, and at the same time preaching with his usual iinpressivcncss, vigor and eloquence, he caught a severe cold, which soon terminated his life. "In person he was tall, slender and graceful; his countenance was composed, thoughtful and grave; his complexion clear and pale; his carriage manly and erect;" his temper

Vide, sketch of Dr. Campbell in the History of Mason County.

bold; of unyielding firmness; his predominant characteristic, manliness. His wife was a fit helpmeet for such a man; a woman of cultivated intellect and rare personal graces, great energy, sound judgment and ready tact. She survived him, residing with her family at Lexington until her death in 1888. Her son, Dr. James McDowell Campbell, born in 1804, received his academical education at Transylvania University, his medical education at one of the Cincinnati schools. He practiced medicine at Burlington, Iowa, where he died in 1837. Her son, Dr. John C. Campbell, born in 1812, received his academical education at the Miami University, then under the presidency of Dr. Bishop, and graduated in medicine at the medical school of St. Louis, now the medical department of the State University. He is now a prominent and wealthy citizen of Nebraska City, Nebraska. In the years 1855, T, '9, '61 and '62, he was a member of the Territorial Legislature of Nebraska, two years of the time in the senate. In 1871 he was a member of the convention called to frame a new constitution for the State of Nebraska. His daughter, Henrietta Campbell, married, at Nebraska City, in 1887, Mr. George Sumner Baskerville—a familiar name in old Virginia. He is a son of Colonel William Baskerville, a distinguished lawyer of Mecklenburg, who represented the south-east district of Virginia in the state senate before the war, during which he was a member of the Confederate Congress. The son entered Hampden Sidney, in which he took a four years' course; he then spent two years at Yale Divinity School, and graduated at the Theological Seminary, at Hartford, Connecticut, in 1882. Margaret Madison Campbell, daughter of Dr. John Poage Campbell and Isabella McDowell, was the sensible, cultivated, most interesting, amiable wife of Thomas J. Pickett, of Mason county; a man of the most honorable character, of the most scrupulous and inexorable integrity, a shrewd judge of men, of acute and broad intellect; a gentleman of rare taste and varied culture. A most worthy and faithful representative of his county in the state legislature, his voluntary withdrawal from all public life deprived the state of one of its best minds. His sterling worth and generous nature were made conspicuous in vicissitudes before which a manliness less robust and true would have succumbed. Mr. Pickett was one of the sons of Colonel John Pickett, an early settler in Mason county, which he acceptably represented in both branches of the state legislature. Colonel James C. Pickett, the elder brother of Thomas J., was distinguished as a legislator, as a diplomatist, and as a man of letters. William, the father of Colonel John Pickett, a native of Fauquier county, was a Revolutionary soldier, a valued captain in the regiment commanded by Colonel Thomas Marshall, and a member of the Burgesses. The mother of Colonel John Pickett was a Metcalfe, of the same blood as that of the "Old Stone Hammer," governor of Kentucky. The first wife of Governor Metcalfe's father was also a Pickett. The family were of Fauquier—"the fighting Pieketts," they are called in Virginia and South Carolina—as noted for their graceful wit in the social circle, as they have been distinguished for gallantry in the field. Campbell, Pickett and Metcalfe were good shoots to graft upon the McDowell stock. The only son of Mr. and Mrs. Thos. J. Pickett, is Dr. Thomas E. Pickett, of Maysville, a graduate of Center College and of the University of Pennsylvania.

2.- Sallie, the second daughter of Colonel James McDowell, married Oliver Keene, of Fayette county; her son, Oliver Keene, Jr., married a daughter of the late Sidney Clay, of Bourbon county, and granddaughter of General Green Clay, of Madison, and his daughter is the wife of Colonel Shackleford, of Richmond. One of Sallie Keene's daughters married Dr. Churchill J. Blackburn, a prosperous physician and farmer of Scott county; another daughter married a Boswell, and removed with her family to Philadelphia. The wife of Mr. Riggs, the Washington banker, an accomplished and beautiful woman, was her daughter.

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