Transparency and Conspiracy: Ethnographies of Suspicion in the New World Order

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Harry G. West, Todd Sanders
Duke University Press, Mar 27, 2003 - Social Science - 328 pages
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Transparency has, in recent years, become a watchword for good governance. Policymakers and analysts alike evaluate political and economic institutions—courts, corporations, nation-states—according to the transparency of their operating procedures. With the dawn of the New World Order and the “mutual veil dropping” of the post–Cold War era, many have asserted that power in our contemporary world is more transparent than ever. Yet from the perspective of the relatively less privileged, the operation of power often appears opaque and unpredictable. Through vivid ethnographic analyses, Transparency and Conspiracy examines a vast range of expressions of the popular suspicion of power—including forms of shamanism, sorcery, conspiracy theory, and urban legends—illuminating them as ways of making sense of the world in the midst of tumultuous and uneven processes of modernization.

In this collection leading anthropologists reveal the variations and commonalities in conspiratorial thinking or occult cosmologies around the globe—in Korea, Tanzania, Mozambique, New York City, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nigeria, and Orange County, California. The contributors chronicle how people express profound suspicions of the United Nations, the state, political parties, police, courts, international financial institutions, banks, traders and shopkeepers, media, churches, intellectuals, and the wealthy. Rather than focusing on the veracity of these convictions, Transparency and Conspiracy investigates who believes what and why. It makes a compelling argument against the dismissal of conspiracy theories and occult cosmologies as antimodern, irrational oversimplifications, showing how these beliefs render the world more complex by calling attention to its contradictions and proposing alternative ways of understanding it.

Contributors.
Misty Bastian, Karen McCarthy Brown, Jean Comaroff, John Comaroff, Susan Harding, Daniel Hellinger, Caroline Humphrey, Laurel Kendall, Todd Sanders, Albert Schrauwers, Kathleen Stewart, Harry G. West

 

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Contents

Power Revealed and Concealed in the New World Order Todd Sanders and Harry G West
1
1 Gods Markets and the IMF in the Korean Spirit World Laurel Kendall
38
Narratives of ConspiracyTransparency and Ritual Murder in the Nigerian Popular Print and Electronic Media Misty L Bastian
65
3 Who Rules Us Now? Identity Tokens Sorcery and Other Metaphors in the 1994 Mozambican Elections Harry G West
92
Charity Conspiracy and Power in New Order Indonesia Albert Schrauwers
125
Revealed and Concealed Economies in Millennial Tanzania Todd Sanders
148
Paranoia and Complicity in PostCommunist Metahistories Caroline Humphrey
175
7 Paranoia Conspiracy and Hegemony in American Politics Daniel Hellinger
204
Reality Constructions and the Magical Manipulation of Power Karen McCarthy Brown
233
Conspiracy Theory and Therapeutic Culture in Millennial America Susan Harding and Kathleen Stewart
258
An Afterword Jean Comaroff and John Comaroff
287
Contributors
301
Index
305
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About the author (2003)

Harry G. West is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the New School University. He is editor of Conflict and Its Resolution in Contemporary Africa.

Todd Sanders is University Lecturer in the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge. He is coeditor of Magical Interpretations, Material Reality: Modernity, Witchcraft, and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa and Those Who Play with Fire: Gender, Fertility, and Transformation in East and Southern Africa.

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