China at War: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia

Front Cover
Xiaobing Li
ABC-CLIO, Jan 10, 2012 - History - 605 pages
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As the first book of its kind, China at War: An Encyclopedia expands far beyond the conventional military history book that is focused on describing key wars, battles, military leaders, and influential events. Author Xiaobing Li—an expert writer in the subjects of Asian history and military affairs—provides not only a broad, chronological account of China's long military history, but also addresses Chinese values, concepts, and attitudes regarding war. As a result, readers can better understand the wider sociopolitical history of the most populous and one of the largest countries in the world—and grasp the complex security concerns and strategic calculations often behind China's decision-making process.

This encyclopedia contains an introductory essay written to place the reference entries within a larger contextual framework, allowing students to compare Chinese with Western and American views and approaches to war. Topics among the hundreds of entries by experts in the field include Sunzi's classic The Art of War, Mao Zedong's guerrilla warfare in the 20th century, Chinese involvement in the Korean War and Vietnam War, and China's nuclear program in the 21st century.

 

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Contents

REFERENCE ENTRIES
1
American Volunteer Group 19411942
2
AnShi Rebellion of 755763
3
AntiJapanese Military and Political College 19361945
5
AntiJapanese War 19371945
8
Art of War The
13
Autumn Harvest Uprising 1927
15
Bandit Extermination Campaigns 19491953
17
Nanchang Uprising August 1 1927
295
Nanjing Rape of December 13 1937January 22 1938
296
Nanjing Treaty of August 1842
298
Nanniwan Experiment 19421945
299
National Defense White Paper 1998
301
National Party Congress CCP
302
National Peoples Congress NPC
304
National Revolutionary Army 19251928
307

Banner System 16011912
18
BeipingTianjin Campaign 19481949
20
Beiyang Army 19061927
22
Boxer Rebellion
24
Cao Cao 155220
27
Cao Gangchuan 1935
29
Changsha Uprising 1930
30
Chen Geng Chen Keng 19031961
31
Chen Xilian Chen Hsilian 19151999
34
Chen Yi Chen Yi 19011972
35
Chengpu Battle of 632 BC
37
Chennault Claire Lee 18931958
38
Chi Haotian 1929
40
Chibi Battle of 208
41
China Peoples Republic of
43
China Republic of
49
ChinaBurmaIndia CBI Theater
53
Chinese Civil War 19461949
56
Chinese Communist Party CCP
58
Chinese Intervention in the Korean War 19501953
63
Chinese Military Advisory Group 19501955
66
Chinese Offensive in Korea First October 25November 6 1950
68
Chinese Offensive in Korea Second November 25December 24 1950
70
Chinese Offensive in Korea Third December 31 1950 January 8 1951
72
Chinese Offensive in Korea Fourth January 25April 21 1951
74
Chinese Offensive in Korea Fifth April 22May 23 1951
75
Chinese Peoples Volunteer Force 19501953
78
Chinese Revolution of 1911
80
Chinese Summer Offensives in Korea 1953
83
Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army 19271937
85
Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense 19582008
88
ConfucianMencian Paradigm
90
Counterrevolutionaries Campaign against 19501953
92
Cultural Revolution 19661976
93
Dalai Lama 1935
99
Damansky Island Zhenbao Island
100
Deng Xiaoping Deng Hsiaoping 19041997
102
Dixie Mission 19441947
105
Dongshan Island Landing Campaign 1953
106
Eight Foreign Armies Invasion of China 19001901
109
Eight Trigrams Rebellion 1813
111
Eighth Route Army 19371945
112
Encirclement Campaigns 19301934
114
Eunuchs
115
EverVictorious Army 18601864
117
Fei River Battle of 383
119
FengtianZhili War 19221924
120
First Field Army 19481950
121
Five Seven One 571 Plan 1971
122
Four Modernizations
125
Fourth Field Army 19481955
126
Fu Zuoyi Fu Tsoyi 18951974
128
Fubing 5501200
129
Gang of Four 19661977
131
Gao Gang Kao Kang 19021954
133
General Departments of the Peoples Liberation Army
135
Genghis Khan 11621227
137
Grand Canal
140
Great Wall
141
Guandu Battle of 200
144
Guangzhou Uprising 1927
145
Guerrilla Warfare 19281949
146
Gunpowder
149
Guomindang
151
Han Cavalry of 206 BC220 AD
155
Han Dynasty 206 BC220 AD
156
Han Wudi Emperor 15687 BC
160
He Long Ho Lung 18961969
162
Hong Kong
163
Hong Xiuquan Hung Hsiuchuan 18141864
165
Hong Xuezhi Hong Hsuechi 19132006
168
Hua Guofeng 19212008
169
HuaiHai Campaign November 1948January 1949
171
Huang Chaos Rebellion 874884
175
Huang Kecheng 19021986
176
Hundred Regiments Campaign 1940
177
Ichigo Campaign April December 1944
181
Japan Attack on Manchuria 1931
183
Jiang Jieshi Chiang Kaishek 18871975
184
Jiang Zemin 1926
187
Jiangnan Arsenal
189
Jiangxi Soviet 19301934
191
Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base Area 19281934
193
Jinmen Quemoy or Kinmen
196
Julu Battle of 208207 BC
198
Kangxi Kanghsi Emperor 16541722
201
Korean War 19501953
203
Korean War Armistice Agreement July 27 1953
211
Kublai Khan Khubilai Khan 12151294
215
Li Desheng 19162011
219
Li Hongzhang Li Hungchang 18231901
221
Li Shimin Emperor 599649
225
Li Xiannian 19091992
226
Li Zicheng Li Tzucheng 16051645
227
LiaoShen Campaign SeptemberNovember 1948
229
Lin Biao Lin Piao 19061971
232
Lin Zexu Lin Tsehsu 17851850
235
Liu Bei 161223
237
Liu Bocheng Liu Pocheng 18921986
239
Liu Shaoqi Liu Shaochi 18981969
242
Long March 19341935
243
Lord Shang or Shang Yang 390338 BC
245
Luo Ronghuan Lo Junghuan 19021963
248
Luo Ruiqing Luo Ruiching 19061978
249
Lushan Conference 1959
252
Manchuria
255
Manchus
257
Mao Zedong Mao Tsetung 18931976
259
Mao Zedong Revolutionary War of 19271949
262
Marco Polo Bridge Incident July 1937
265
Marshall Mission to China 19451947
267
Martial Arts
269
McMahon Line
270
Miles Milton E 19001960
272
Military Ranks Peoples Liberation Army
274
Militia
276
Ming Dynasty 13681644
278
Mongols
280
Mongols Cavalry of 12001400
287
Movement to Resist America and Aid Korea
289
Muye Battle of 1027 BC
293
Nationalist Army
310
Nerchinsk and Kiakhta Treaties of 1689 and 1727
314
New Army 18941912
315
New Fourth Army 19371945
317
New Fourth Army Incident January 1941
319
Nian Rebellion 18511868
320
Nie Rongzhen Nieh Jungchen 18991992
322
North China Field Army 19471948
323
Northeast Democratic United Army 19451948
325
Northern Expedition 19261928
326
Nuclear Program
328
Open Door Policy
333
Opium War First 18391842
335
Peng Dehuai Peng Tehuai 18981974
341
Peoples Liberation Army
343
Peoples War
347
Peoples War under Modern Conditions 19851995
349
Pingxingguan Battle of September 1937
351
Qian Xuesen Tsien Hsueshen 19112009
355
Qianlong Chienlung Emperor 17111799
357
Qin Dynasty 221206 BC
360
Qin Shi Huangdi Emperor 259210 BC
361
Qing Dynasty 16441912
364
Rebellion Led by Chen Sheng 209208 BC
369
Red Army 19281937
370
Red Army College 19331936
372
Red Army Recruitment 19271934
373
Red Guards 19661968
374
Russia Relations with China
377
RussoJapanese War 19041905
378
Second Artillery Corps Strategic Rocket Force
383
Second Field Army 19481950
385
SelfStrengthening Movement 18611911
386
Shang Dynasty 17661027 BC
388
Shanghai Communique 1972
390
Shimonoseki Treaty of 1895
391
Silk Road
392
SinoAmerican Cooperative Organization SACO
394
SinoFrench War August 1884April 1885
396
SinoIndian Border War 1962
399
SinoJapanese War 18941895
401
SinoSoviet Conflict 19691971
405
SinoSoviet Split 19561966
407
SinoSoviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance February 1950
409
SinoVietnamese Border War 1979
411
Small Sword Society 18531855
413
Song Dynasty 9601279
416
Song Fortified Cities 11271279
417
SongMongol War 12341279
419
Soviet Union 19221991
420
Spratly and Paracel Islands
426
Stilwell Joseph Warren 18831946
427
Su Yu 19071984
429
Su Zhenhua 19121979
431
Sui Dynasty 581618
432
Sui Yangdi 569618 Emperor
433
Sun Yatsen 18661925
435
Sun Zi Suntzu 535496 BC
437
Taierzhuang Taierhchuang Battle of MarchApril 1938
439
Taiping Rebellion 18501864
440
Taiwan Strait Crisis of 1958
442
Taiwan Strait Crisis of 19951996
445
Tang Dynasty 618907
446
Tang Gaozong Emperor 628683
448
TerraCotta Army
449
Third Field Army 19481954
451
Three Kingdoms 220280
453
Tiananmen Square Events AprilJune 1989
455
Tianjin Tientsin Treaty of June 9 1885
458
Tibet Xizang
459
Tributary System
463
USPRC Normalization of Relations 19721979
465
Unequal Treaties
468
United Front
469
Wang Dongxing 1916
475
Wang Jingwei Wang Chingwei 18831944
476
Wangxia Treaty of 1844
477
Ward Frederick Townsend 18311862
478
Warlord Period 19161927
481
Warring States Period 475221 BC
483
Western Han 206 BC23 AD
485
Western Views of Chinese Warfare
486
Whampoa Military Academy 19241928
488
White Lotus Rebellion 17961804
490
White Terrors 1927 and 1947
492
Xia Dynasty Hsia 22051766 BC
495
Xian Sian Incident December 12 1936
496
Xiang Army
498
Xiao Jinguang Hsiao Chinkuang 19031989
499
Xiongnu
500
Xisha Islands Defensive Campaign 1974
502
Xu Xiangqian Hsu Hsungchien 19011990
504
Xuzhou Battle of January May 1938
505
Yanan Yenan
509
Yancheng Battle of 1139
510
Yang Shangkun Yang Shangkun 19071998
512
Ye Jianying Yeh Chienying 18971986
514
Ye Ting Yeh Ting 18961946
517
Yijiangshan Battle of January 1955
518
Yuan Dynasty 12711368
520
Yuan Shikai Yuan Shihkai 18591916
521
Yue Fei 11031142
522
Zeng Guofan Tseng Kuofan 18111872
525
Zhang Guotao Chang Kuotao 18971979
528
Zhang Wannian 1928
530
Zhang Xueliang Chang Hsuehliang 19012001
531
Zhou Dynasty 1027221 BC
532
Zhou Enlai 18981976
534
Zhu De Chu Teh 18861976
537
Zhu Yuanzhang Emperor Chu Yuanchang 13281398
540
Zunyi Conference 1935
542
Zuo Zongtang Tso Tsungtang 18121885
543
Chinese Dynasties and Governments
547
Chronology
553
Glossary
567
Selected Bibliography
571
Editor and Contributors
583
Index
587
About the Editor
605
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Xiaobing Li is professor and chair of the Department of History and Geography and director of the Western Pacific Institute at the University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OK.

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