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A Grammar of Colloquial Chinese: As Exhibited in the Shanghai Dialect ...
No preview available - 2014
accent adjectives adverbs auxiliary auxiliary verbs Chinese clause colloquial combination compound consonants copula dialect Dictionary dong dzang dzieu dzong enclitic English examples expressed fong groups h'iang h'iau h'ih initial k'eu k'iuh k'wa Kiang-nan Kiang-si kiau kiun kiung kong liang liary mandarin meh zz ming ngaw niun nong nouns nung nyih particles penultimate phrases precedes predicate prepositions pronouns pronunciation second tone sentences Shanghai Shanghai dialect short tone siang siau sing sound substantives t'eh t'ong t'seh t'su t'sz tang third tone tong transitive verb tsah tsang tsau tseu tsing tsoh tsong tsun tsung upper veh yau verb vowels words yung zong zung
Page 2 - It is often mistaken by foreign ears when occurring before i and « for the aspirated ch' but should be separated from that sound in careful pronunciation ; -^ k'i' usually heard ch'ï. When a native is asked, whether k'i' oder ch'ï is the more correct pronunciation of ^ he replies the former. Yet the orthography by ch'i' seems to the foreigner more like the true sound.