The commerce of America with Europe: Shewing the importance of the American revolution to the interests of France, and pointing out the actual situation of the United States of North-America, in regard to trade, manufactures, and population
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Page 175 - Hence marriages in America are more general, and more generally early than in Europe. And if it is reckoned there, that there is but one marriage per annum among one hundred persons, perhaps we may here reckon two ; and if in Europe they have but four births to a marriage (many of their marriages being late), we may here reckon eight, of which, if one half grow up, and our marriages are made, reckoning one with another, at twenty years of age, our people must at least be doubled every twenty years.
Page 176 - But notwithstanding this increase, so vast is the territory of North America, that it will require many ages to settle it fully ; and till it is fully settled labour will never be cheap here, where no man continues long a labourer for others, but gets a plantation of his own ; no man continues long a journeyman to a trade, but goes among those new settlers, and sets up for himself, &c. Hence labour is no cheaper now in Pennsylvania, than it was thirty years ago, though so many thousand labouring...
Page 174 - For people increase in proportion to the number of marriages, and that is greater in proportion to the ease and convenience of supporting a family. When families can be easily supported, more persons marry, and earlier in life.
Page 172 - Governor of the territory of the United States of America, south of the river Ohio...
Page 221 - It is not to the moderation and justice of others we are to trust for fair and equal access to market with our productions, or for our due share in the transportation of them ; but to our own means of independence, and the firm will to use them.
Page 219 - Where a nation imposes high duties on our productions, or prohibits them altogether, it may be proper for us to do the same by theirs ; first burdening or excluding those productions which they bring here, in competition with our own of the same kind ; selecting next such manufactures as we take from them in greatest quantity, and which at the same time we could the soonest furnish to ourselves, or obtain from other countries ; imposing on them duties, lighter at first, but heavier and heavier afterwards,...
Page 217 - The commodities we offer are either necessaries of life, or materials for manufacture, or convenient subjects of revenue ; and we take in exchange, either manufactures, when they have received the last finish of art and industry, or mere luxuries.
Page 218 - Its value, as a branch of industry, is enhanced by the dependence of so many other branches on it. In times of general peace it multiplies competitors for employment in transportation, and so keeps that at its proper level ; and in times of war, that is to say, when those nations who may be our principal carriers, shall be at war with each other, if we have not within ourselves the means of transportation, our produce must be exported in belligerent vessels...
Page 175 - In cities, where all trades, occupations and offices are full, many delay marrying, till they can see how to bear the charges of a family; which charges are greater in cities, as Luxury is more common: many live single during life, and continue servants to families, journeymen to Trades, &c.
Page 175 - ... are plenty, their wages will be low; by low wages a family is supported with difficulty; this difficulty deters many from marriage, who therefore long continue servants and single. Only, as the cities take supplies of people from the country, and thereby make a little more room in the country, marriage is a little more encouraged there, and the births exceed the deaths.