3D Contrast MR Angiography
Non-invasive, high resolution contrast arteriography without arterial catheterization or nephrotoxicity has become possible using paramagnetic contrast agents and high performance MR imaging systems. The success of this technique is reflected by its rapid integration into clinical practice throughout the world. Three-dimensional (3D)contrast MRA has quickly expanded to encompass virtually all vascular territories using a variety of magnets and imaging strategies. The rapid evolution of this technique is also reflected in the expanded volume of this second edition. Beyond familiarizing the reader with the basic principles underlying 3D Contrast MRA, all relevant technical aspects are addressed, potential pitfalls are identified, and tailored imaging strategies for different vascular regions are described. To widen the scope, the 2nd ed. of 3D Contrast MRA includes invited case studies performed by renowned investigators. The description of imaging techniques have been standardized to facilitate implementation into clinical practice.The glossary of relevant terms and the extensive bibliography has also been expanded.
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2D TOF 3D contrast MRA 3D data set 3D MR angiography 3D MRA abdominal aorta abdominal aortic aneurysms acquired anatomy aortic dissection arterial phase artery stenosis artifacts assessment axial blood breath-hold carotid artery celiac celiac axis centric Clinical Scenario contrast agent contrast bolus contrast dose contrast MR angiography contrast-enhanced Coronal Acquisition data acquisition Debatin JF Diagnosis disease dissection distal enhancement evaluation exam Field-of-View Figure flow gadolinium gadolinium-enhanced gradient echo graft iliac arteries image data image quality injector Interpretation k-space k-space data Magn Reson Imaging magnetic resonance angiography Matrix mesenteric ischemia ml/s mmol/kg occlusion Ordering of k-space paramagnetic paramagnetic contrast patients peripheral phase contrast phase encoding phase encoding order Phased Array portal vein portal venous pulmonary arteries Radiol Radiology renal arteries scan sequential phase encoding signal slice stent superior mesenteric artery Technique Test bolus thoracic aorta Three-dimensional contrast MRA time-of-flight tion TR/TE/Flip transplant trast vascular zero filling