Texas, New Mexico, and the Compromise of 1850: Boundary Dispute & Sectional Crisis
Writing from the vantage point of the Texas-New Mexico boundary issue, Mark Stegmaier provides a comprehensive analysis of the dispute, the compromise, and the overall implications for the Civil War. He meticulously examines the crisis through a close reading of Texan and New Mexican documents, U.S. government records, maps, newspapers - particularly the reports of Washington correspondents - and collections of personal letters. In addition, he introduces a revisionist analysis of roll call voting in the U.S. Congress and the Texas legislature.
Stegmaier recounts how, with the support of Southern radicals, Texas attempted to extend its jurisdiction despite opposition from New Mexicans and U.S. political leaders. Threatened by military occupation, New Mexicans countered by seeking free state status, while Presidents Taylor and Fillmore committed U.S. forces to defend the territory against a Texan attack. The resolution of this issue allowed the passage of the Compromise of 1850, the last great accord on the sectional issues between North and South.
Texas, New Mexico, and the Compromise of 1850 deserves the term "definitive." It will appeal to all students of the Civil War era.
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The Boundary Dispute from Its Origins to the Mexican War
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2d Sess 3d Legis administration Alvarez amendment antislavery August Austin State Gazette Baird Balt Baltimore Clipper Benton bloc Boston boundary dispute Calhoun California Clarksville Clay Clay's Cobb Colonel Munroe committee compromise Cong Congress convention County Courier D.C. Union delegates disunion election faction favor federal Fillmore Free-Soilers Globe Governor Bell Houghton House Houston issue Journal Jours July July 24 June legislature letter Manhattanville College McCall Mexican Mexico Territory Mexico's Quest military move Munroe's N.Y. Herald N.Y. Tribune Neighbors Northern Democrats Omnibus Orleans Picayune Paso Pearce bill Phila Polk President pro-compromise proposal resolution roll calls Rusk Papers Santa Fe Santa Fe County Senate Sept session settlement Seward slave slavery Smith South Southern extremists Southern Whigs statehood Steen Stephens Taylor Telegraph territorial Texan Texas claim Texas Senate Texas-New Mexico Texas's tion U.S. Senate vote Washington Webster Weightman Wilmot Proviso Zachary Taylor