An Elementary Grammar of the Sanscrit Language: Partly in the Roman Character, Arranged According to a New Theory, in Reference Especially to the Classical Languages; with Short Extracts in Easy Prose. To which is Added, a Selection from the Institutes of Manu, with Copious References to the Grammar, and an English Translation
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1st fut 1st pret 2d fut 2d pret 2dly 3d plur 3d sing 4th conjugation accusative adjectives adverbs affix atmane atmanepada becomes bened bhind bhuj Brahman budh causal causal base changed compound words conj conjugational tenses consonant crude form dative declension declined dependent compound desiderative Devanagari dual ending in consonants examples expressed feminine formation ft ft gender genitive Greek Guna Harir Hitopadesha Imperative Infin inflection initial inserted IRREGULAR PRIMITIVES juhu juhw chinw bhind language Latin lengthened masc masculine nasal neut neuter nominative nouns of agency PARASMAIPADA passive past passive verb past participle plur plural prefixed prep prepositions pres primitive verbs pronoun reduplicated rejected relative form roots ending rule Sanscrit Second Future Second Preterite sense sentence sibilant sometimes student substantives syntax terminations third preterite Vedas Visargah vowel Vriddhi
Page 254 - Let him say what is true, but let him say what is pleasing ; let him speak no disagreeable truth, nor let him speak agreeable falsehood ; this is a primeval rule. " Let him say ' well and good,' or let him say ' well ' only ; but let him not maintain fruitless enmity and altercation with any man.
Page 255 - Single is each man born; single he dies; single he receives the reward of his good, and single the punishment of his evil, deeds." " When he leaves his corpse, like a log or a lump of clay, on the ground, his kindred retire with averted faces; but his virtue accompanies his soul.
Page 250 - ... 113. Even in times of dire distress a teacher of the Veda should rather die with his knowledge than sow it in barren soil. 114. Sacred Learning approached a Brahma#a and said to him: ' I am thy treasure, preserve me, deliver me not to a scorner; so (preserved) I shall become supremely strong.' 115. 'But deliver me, as to the keeper of thy treasure, to a Brahma#a whom thou shalt know to be pure, of subdued senses, chaste and attentive.
Page 259 - The soul itself is its own witness; the soul itself is its own refuge: offend not thy conscious soul, the supreme internal witness of men! The sinful have said in their hearts, ' None see us.' Yes, the gods distinctly see them, and so does the spirit within their breasts.
Page 255 - A WISE man should constantly discharge all ' the moral duties, though he perform not constantly * the ceremonies of religion ; since he falls low, if, ' while he performs ceremonial acts only, he discharge
Page 259 - The fruit of every virtuous act which thou hast done, O good man, since thy birth, shall depart from thee to the dogs, if thou deviate from the truth.
Page 197 - ... it, and can only express indeterminate time and incomplete action. Wherever it occurs, it must be considered as the object, and never the subject of some verb expressed or understood. As the object of the verb, it may be regarded as equivalent to a verbal substantive, in which the force of two...
Page 202 - ... and that it is secreted by the coats of the stomach. Whether this be so or not there can be little doubt that it is often formed in great quantity in the stomach from the starchy principles of the food. It is possible that the secretion of lactic acid by the coats of the stomach may promote the conversion of the saccharine principles of the food into this substance.
Page vii - Sanskrit, may be traced to the labour imposed, of thoroughly mastering these rules at the first entrance upon the study of the language. They form, as it were, a mountain of difficulty to be passed at the very commencement of the journey ; and the learner cannot be convinced that when once surmounted, the ground beyond may be more smooth than in other languages, the ingress to which is comparatively easy.
Page 261 - The 5th syllable ought always to be short. The 6th may be either long or short; but if long, then the 7th ought to be long also ; and if short, then the 7th ought to be short also." "The last four syllables form two iambics." The Hindoo author has in the present instance taken a single couplet as his theme, and hence the name of his short treatise. This couplet, consisting in its Chinese form of four short sentences, appears at the commencement. We are also informed by an introductory...