Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity
University of California Press, 2007 - History - 269 pages
"The world is configured in ways that seem systematically hospitable to life forms, especially the human race. Is this the outcome of divine planning or simply of the laws of physics? Ancient Greeks and Romans famously disagreed on whether the cosmos was the product of design or accident. In Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity, David Sedley examines this question and illuminates new historical perspectives on the pantheon of thinkers who laid the foundations of Western philosophy and science. Versions of what we call the "creationist" option were widely favored by the major thinkers of classical antiquity, including Plato, whose ideas on the subject prepared the ground for Aristotle's celebrated teleology. But Aristotle himself excluded any role for divine intervention, in this respect aligning himself with the anti-creationist lobby, whose most militant members - the atomists - sought to show how a world just like ours would form inevitably by sheer accident, given only the infinity of space and matter. This study explores seven major thinkers and philosophical movements enmeshed in the debate: Anaxagoras, Empedocles, Socrates, Plato, the atomists, Aristotle, and the Stoics. An epilogue considers their debate from the viewpoint of Galen, the great second-century A.D. doctor, who was also a leading voice of creationism."--BOOK JACKET.
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Anaxagoras Anaxagoras’s animals argued argument Argument from Design Aristodemus Aristotle Aristotle’s atomists atoms beneﬁcial beneﬁt biological body causal chapter conﬁrmed context Cosmic Intelligence craft craftsman created creation creationist creator cycle daimons Demiurge Democritus difﬁculties Diogenes Diogenes of Apollonia divine craftsmanship doubt earth einai Empedoclean Empedocles Epicurean Epicurus estin everything evidence example existence explain explanatory eyes fact ﬁfth ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁre ﬁrst ﬂesh god’s gods Hesiod human identiﬁed included inﬁnite inﬂuence interpretation isonomia kind Love Love’s luck Lucretius matter moving cause myth nature origin passage Phaedo phase philosophical physics Plato possible Presocratic principle question rational soul reading reason reference reﬂects scientiﬁc Sedley seeds seems signiﬁcant Socrates species speciﬁc sphairos Stoic Stoicism Strife structure stuffs sufﬁcient teleology thˇ theology theory things Timaeus Timaeus’s tion toiˇ touto wste Xenophon Xenophon’s Socrates Zeno Zeno’s zoogony