Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam: The Cultural Revival During the Buyid Age

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BRILL, 1992 - History - 329 pages
Under the enlightened rule of the Buyid dynasty (945-1055 A.D.) the Islamic world witnessed an unequalled cultural renaissance. This book is an investigation into the nature of the environment in which the cultural transformation took place and into the cultural elite who were its bearers. After an extensive introductory section setting the stage, the book deals with the main schools and circles and with the outstanding individual representatives of this renaissance. The main expression of this renaissance was a philosophical humanism that embraced the scientific and philosophical heritage of Classical Antiquity as a cultural and educational ideal. Along with this philosophical humanism, a literary humanism was cultivated by litterateurs, poets, and government secretaries. This renaissance was marked by a powerful assertion of individualism in the domains of literary creativity and political action. It thrived in a remarkably cosmopolitan atmosphere - Baghdad, the center of the 'Abb?sid empire and of Buyid rule.
 

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Contents

The Physiognomy of the
11
The Mentality of the
20
The Roots of Cultural Efflorescence
26
The Early Buyid
31
The Ascent of the Buyids Relations between the Buyids and the Abbāsid Caliphs Religious Policy of the Buyids The National Heritage of the Buyids ...
46
Cultural Life under the Buyids
52
Muslim Religious Groups
60
Muslim Theological Schools
72
The Philosopher 4 Abu lFadl b alAmid The Chief Ustädh
241
The Supremely Competent 6 Adud alDawla King of Kings
272
Conclusion
286
Abbreviations
289
Bibliography
290
Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam A Preliminary Study Vii XI 11 20
303
31
304
37
306

NonMuslim Minority Groups
75
Foreign Relations of the Buyids
78
Schools Circles and Societies 1 2 3 4
83
5
101
Yahyà b Adi and his School
104
Abū Sulaymān alSijistanis Circle Abū Sulaymān alMaqdisi and the Sincere Brethren
165
Abū Abdallāh alBasri and his School
178
The Vizier Abū Abdallah b Sadān and his Circle
191
Scholars Patrons and Potentates
207
The Secretary
212
The Courtier
222
39
307
60
310
86
313
178
314
241
318
259
319
272
320
286
322
303
158
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