Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam: The Cultural Revival During the Buyid Age
Under the enlightened rule of the Buyid dynasty (945-1055 A.D.) the Islamic world witnessed an unequalled cultural renaissance. This book is an investigation into the nature of the environment in which the cultural transformation took place and into the cultural elite who were its bearers. After an extensive introductory section setting the stage, the book deals with the main schools and circles and with the outstanding individual representatives of this renaissance. The main expression of this renaissance was a philosophical humanism that embraced the scientific and philosophical heritage of Classical Antiquity as a cultural and educational ideal. Along with this philosophical humanism, a literary humanism was cultivated by litterateurs, poets, and government secretaries. This renaissance was marked by a powerful assertion of individualism in the domains of literary creativity and political action. It thrived in a remarkably cosmopolitan atmosphere - Baghdad, the center of the 'Abb?sid empire and of Buyid rule.
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The Physiognomy of the
The Mentality of the
The Roots of Cultural Efflorescence
The Early Buyid
The Ascent of the Buyids Relations between the Buyids and the Abbāsid Caliphs Religious Policy of the Buyids The National Heritage of the Buyids ...
Cultural Life under the Buyids
Muslim Religious Groups
Muslim Theological Schools
The Philosopher 4 Abu lFadl b alAmid The Chief Ustädh
The Supremely Competent 6 Adud alDawla King of Kings
NonMuslim Minority Groups
Foreign Relations of the Buyids
Schools Circles and Societies 1 2 3 4
Yahyà b Adi and his School
Abū Sulaymān alSijistanis Circle Abū Sulaymān alMaqdisi and the Sincere Brethren
Abū Abdallāh alBasri and his School
The Vizier Abū Abdallah b Sadān and his Circle
Scholars Patrons and Potentates
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Abbāsid Abū Abdallāh Abū Alī Abū Bakr Abū Hayyān al-Tawhidi Abu l-Fadl Abu l-Fath Abu l-Hasan Abū Sulaymān adab Adud al-Dawla Ahmad Akhlāq al-wazirayn al-‘Amiri al-Basri al-Muhallabi al-Răzi al-Tawhidi al-umam Alfarabi ancient Arabic Aristotle Baghdad Bahrām Bakhtiyār Beirut Bürgel Busse Buwayhid Buyid Byzantine Cairo caliph Carmathians century Christian cited classical cultural Dawla Daylami discussion doctrine dynasty emir falāsifa Fātimids Fihrist Greek Hanbali Hellenistic human humanistic Ibn Abbād Ibn Adi Ibn al-‘Amid Ibn al-Nadim Ibn Sa‘dān Ibn Zurºa Imām Imāmi Imtā intellectual Isá Ishāq Ismā‘īli Kalām Khurāsān king Kitāb Koran Leiden logic majlis medieval Miskawayh Mu'izz al-Dawla Mu'tazili Muhammad Muslim Neoplatonic paideia period Persian philosophical poet political Rayy religious Renaissance of Islam Rosenthal Rukn al-Dawla ruler Sa‘īd Sâhib Sămănids says scholars sciences secretary Shi‘i Shi‘ism Shirāz Sijistání Sincere Brethren Siwān al-hikma soul Sufi Sunni Ta’rikh Taghlib Tawhidi theologian tion trans translation treatise vizier Walzer Yahyà Yāqūt Yūsuf