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acquainted adjoining Adriatic Agatharchides Alexandria Alps already ancient appears Arabia Armenia arms Artemidorus Asia Augustus Bactria Boman Britain Caesar called Cape Cappadocia Caspian cited coast of Africa considerable Danube defeated derived describes Dion Cass distance dominion doubt doubtless east Eoman Eratosthenes Ethiopian Euphrates Euxine expedition extended frontier Gades Gaul geographical knowledge German given Greek Gulf Hipparchus Ibid imperfect important India information concerning inhabited interior island Italy king known latitude Mauretania mentioned miles Mithridates modern monarch mountain mouth nations native neighbouring Nile northern notices occupied Ocean Palus parallel Parthian passage passing period Periplus Plin Pliny Polyb Polybius portion Posidonius position probably promontory Ptolemy regard regions reign remarkable Rhine river Roman province Scymnus Chius Scythians shores Spain stadia statement Strabo Straits Suevi supposed Tacitus thence Tigranocerta tion treatise tribes voyage whole writers
Page 256 - When he has no means of determining between them, he adds, he contents himself with repeating the conflicting statements : but it does not seem to have occurred to him that the...
Page 419 - Ibid. §§ 104-106. to be recommended, on account of the neighbouring pirates, who occupy a place called Nitrias : nor does it furnish any abundance of merchandise. Moreover the station of shipping is far from the land, and cargoes have to be loaded and unloaded in barges. The ruler of the country at the time of which I speak was a king named Ccelobothras.
Page 418 - The voyage is now made every year, with cohorts of archers on board the ships : on account of the pirates who infest these seas. It will be worth while (he adds) to set forth their whole course from Egypt : accurate information concerning it being now for the first time available. The subject is one worthy of attention, there being no year in which India does not drain our empire of at least 55,000,000 of sesterces, sending us in return wares which are sold for a hundred times their original value...
Page 39 - ... have occurred on the upper part of the pass — he descended in three days' march to the plains (iii. 56). But as Dr. Arnold, who first appears to have felt the force of this difficulty, justly observes, no army could, according to any ordinary rate of marching, get in three days from the Little St. Bernard to the plains of Ivrea. (Arnold's History of Borne, vol. iii. p. 481.) The actual distance is not less than 64 English miles.
Page 565 - It is evident that both the causes which we have just been considering would continue to operate with at least equal force upon the continuation of the map of the world east of the Mediterranean. The effect of erroneous graduation would indeed of necessity be cumulative, and produce a greater amount of displacement the farther it was carried eastwards. Nor were land itineraries more trustworthy than marine ones. We have already had occasion more than once to point out the defective character of all...
Page 104 - In majore (Armenia) Arsamosata Euphrati proximum, Tigri Carcathiocerta, in excelso autem Tigranocerta ; at in campis juxta Araxem Artaxata" (HN vi. 9, § 26), certainly indicates its occupying a lofty situation, not on either of the great rivers. On the other hand, Tacitus, in whose time Tigranocerta retained its ancient name and was still a place of importance...
Page 309 - Of the great peninsula of India, to the south of a line drawn from the mouths of the Indus to those of the Ganges, he gives us no particulars at all. Altogether it may safely be asserted that while Strabo in his account of India has shown much judgement in the collection of his materials from preceding writers, and a . lf | 72. Tljr 'Ivturi)* TfpuJpurw irb fdv TUP \ "< In accordance with this, as we have Hjt«8A»ital*I/jaoritalSAAaoi'o/«£fou<ri. \ speaks of the forests between tlie HyMoic<8or
Page 312 - Wilson's Ariana, p. 121. all Upper Asia still remained in almost precisely the same condition which it had attained under the successors of Alexander. § 23. The last section of his fifteenth book is devoted by Strabo to Persis, or Persia properly so called, with the adjacent province of Susiana. Both of these districts were of special interest to the Greeks as having been so long the seat of the great Persian Empire that had extended its dominions from the banks of the Indus to the shores of the...
Page 701 - Retinere puppim, dicit hic nihilominus, Non in profundum terga demitti maris, Parvoque aquarum vix supertexi solum : Obire semper hue et hue ponti feras, Navigia lenta et languide repentia Internatare belluas.
Page 418 - Arabia, or Cane in the frankincense-bearing region. There is also a third port which is called Muza, which is not frequented by those sailing to India, but by the merchants who trade in frankincense and other Arabian perfumes. In the interior is a city, the capital of the kingdom, named Sapphar, and another called Save. But for those whose course is directed to India it is most advantageous to start from Ocelis. From thence they sail with the wind called Hippalus in forty days to the first commercial...