Icons of Black America: Breaking Barriers and Crossing Boundaries: Breaking Barriers and Crossing Boundaries [Three Volumes]

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Matthew Whitaker Ph.D.
ABC-CLIO, Mar 9, 2011 - Social Science - 1122 pages
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The three-volume Icons of Black America: Breaking Barriers and Crossing Boundaries is an exhaustive treatment of 100 African American people, groups, and organizations, viewed from a variety of perspectives. The alphabetically arranged entries illuminate the history of highly successful and influential individuals who have transcended mere celebrity to become representatives of their time. It offers analysis and perspective on some of the most influential black people, organizations, and institutions in American history, from the late 19th century to the present.

Each chapter is a detailed exploration of the life and legacy of an individual icon. Through these portraits, readers will discover how these icons have shaped, and been shaped by, the dynamism of American culture, as well as the extent to which modern mass media and popular culture have contributed to the rise, and sometimes fall, of these powerful symbols of individual and group excellence.

 

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Contents

Maya Angelou
13
Apollo Theater
23
Louis Armstrong
33
Arthur Ashe
43
Ella Baker
53
Josephine Baker
63
James Baldwin
73
Charles Barkley
83
Spike Lee
541
Joe Louis
551
Malcolm X
561
Thurgood Marshall
571
Hattie McDaniel
583
Morehouse College
593
Toni Morrison
603
Motown Records
613

Harry Belafonte
93
Halle Berry
103
Barry Bonds
113
Carol Moseley Braun
127
Ralph Bunche
137
Stokely Carmichael Kwame Ture
147
George Washington Carver
159
Ray Charles
169
Shirley Chisholm
179
Bill Cosby
189
Dorothy Dandridge
199
Angela Davis
209
Miles Davis
219
Sammy Davis Jr
229
Frederick Douglass
239
WEB Du Bois
249
Duke Ellington
259
Ralph Ellison
271
Louis Farrakhan
281
54th Massachusetts Infantry
291
Ella Fitzgerald
301
Aretha Franklin
311
Marcus Garvey
319
Marvin Gaye
329
Nikki Giovanni
337
Volume 2
iii
Alex Haley
345
Fannie Lou Hamer
355
Harlem Globetrotters
365
Jimi Hendrix
377
Billie Holiday
387
Lena Horne
395
Langston Hughes
405
Zora Neale Hurston
415
Michael Jackson
425
JayZ
435
Earvin Magic Johnson
445
Jack Johnson
455
James Weldon Johnson
471
Robert L Johnson
481
Quincy Jones
491
Barbara Jordan
499
Michael Jordan
509
Florence Griffith Joyner
519
Martin Luther King Jr
531
Elijah Muhammad
623
Negro Baseball Leagues
635
Huey P Newton and Bobby Seale
645
Barack Obama
657
Michelle Obama
667
Jesse Owens
677
Rosa Parks
687
Sidney Poitier
697
Colin Powell
707
Richard Pryor
717
Volume 3
iii
A Philip Randolph
727
Ishmael Reed
741
Condoleezza Rice
751
Paul Robeson
761
Jackie Robinson
771
Bayard Rustin
783
Dred Scott
793
Tupac Shakur
803
Russell Simmons
813
Tommie Smith and John Carlos
819
Will Smith
829
Spelman College
837
Mary Church Terrell
847
Sojourner Truth
857
Harriet Tubman
867
Nat Turner
877
Tuskegee Airmen
887
Alice Walker
897
Madam C J Walker
905
Booker T Washington
919
Denzel Washington
931
Ida B WellsBarnett
943
Cornel West
957
Venus Williams and Serena Williams
967
Oprah Winfrey
979
Stevie Wonder
989
Tiger Woods
999
Carter G Woodson
1009
Richard Wright
1019
Selected Bibliography
1027
About the Editor and Contributors
1053
Index
1063
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

MATTHEW C. WHITAKER is Associate Professor of United States History, African and American Studies, and Justice and Social Inquiry at Arizona State University. His articles have appeared in many journals and encyclopedias, and his latest book is titled Race Work: The Rise of Civil Rights in the Urban West (University of Nebraska Press, 2005).

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