Cities Transformed: Demographic Change and Its Implications in the Developing World

Front Cover

Virtually all of the growth in the world‚€™s population for the foreseeable future will take place in the cities and towns of the developing world. Over the next twenty years, most developing countries will for the first time become more urban than rural. The benefits from urbanization cannot be overlooked, but the speed and sheer scale of this transformation present many challenges. A new cast of policy makers is emerging to take up the many responsibilities of urban governance‚€"as many national governments decentralize and devolve their functions, programs in poverty, health, education, and public services are increasingly being deposited in the hands of untested municipal and regional governments. Demographers have been surprisingly slow to devote attention to the implications of the urban transformation.

Drawing from a wide variety of data sources, many of them previously inaccessible, Cities Transformed explores the implications of various urban contexts for marriage, fertility, health, schooling, and children‚€™s lives. It should be of interest to all involved in city-level research, policy, planning, and investment decisions.

 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
1 Introduction
9
2 Why Location Matters
29
A Sketch
75
Models Measures and Forecasts
108
5 Diversity and Inequality
155
6 Fertility and Reproductive Health
199
Is City Life Good for Your Health?
259
Appendices
479
A Concepts and Definitions of Metropolitan Regions
481
B Mathematical Derivations
484
C Linking DHS Surveys to United Nations City Data
487
D United Nations Estimates and Projections
495
E Measuring Relative Poverty with DHS Data
499
F Recommendations for the Demographic and Health Surveys
503
Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff
507

8 The Urban Economy Transformed
300
9 The Challenge of Urban Governance
355
10 Looking Ahead
410
References
419
Index
515
The Committee on Population
530
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