America's Secret War against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1917-1920
From the Russian revolutions of 1917 to the end of the Civil War in 1920, Woodrow Wilson's administration sought to oppose the Bolsheviks in a variety of covert ways. Drawing on previously unavailable American and Russian archival material, David Foglesong chronicles both sides of this secret war and reveals a new dimension to the first years of the U.S.-Soviet rivalry. Foglesong explores the evolution of Wilson's ambivalent attitudes toward socialism and revolution before 1917 and analyzes the social and cultural origins of American anti-Bolshevism. Constrained by his espousal of the principle of self-determination, by idealistic public sentiment, and by congressional restrictions, Wilson had to rely on secretive methods to affect the course of the Russian Civil War. The administration provided covert financial and military aid to anti-Bolshevik forces, established clandestine spy networks, concealed the purposes of limited military expeditions to northern Russia and Siberia, and delivered ostensibly humanitarian assistance to soldiers fighting to overthrow the Soviet government. In turn, the Soviets developed and secretly funded a propaganda campaign in the United States designed to mobilize public opposition to anti-Bolshevik activity, promote American-Soviet economic ties, and win diplomatic recognition from Washington.
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The Development of a Wilsonian Style of Intervention
The Origins of American AntiBolshevism
Keeping Faith with Russia Ambassador Boris Bakhmeteff and US Efforts to Restore Democracy
The British Connection American Covert Aid to AntiBolsheviks in South Russia 19171918
American Intelligence Gathering Propaganda and Covert Action in Revolutionary Russia
American Intervention in Siberia 19181920 The Search for AntiBolshevik Nuclei and Strong Men
Fighting but Not a War American Intervention in North Russia 19181919
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action advisors Allen Dulles Allied ambassador anti-Bolshevik forces April Archangel Army assistance AVPRF Baker Bakhmeteff Baltic Baltic region Bliss Bolshe Bolshevik Bolshevism Breckinridge Long British Charles Crane Cheka Chicherin Congress Consul Cossacks Crane Creel Czechs democracy democratic Department diplomatic economic expedition fighting Folder foreign French FRUS German Hoover House Diary intervention in Russia Japanese July June June 27 Kalamatiano Kaledin Kennan Kerensky Kolchak Lansing Papers Lansing to Wilson Latvia Lenin liberal ludenich March Martens Masaryk Memorandum ment military intervention mission Moscow Murmansk north Russia November Paris peace Petrograd Phillips Journal political Polk Diary Poole PPWW president propaganda Provisional Government Red Army reported Revolution revolutionary Russian embassy Sept Siberia socialist Soviet government Soviet leaders Soviet regime Soviet Russia tion Trotsky U.S. officials U.S. representatives United Vance McCormick Vladivostok Washington White Wilson administration Wilson to Lansing Wilsonian
Page 1 - All the impulses of mankind are thrown out upon the air and reach to the ends of the earth; quietly upon steamships, silently under the cover of the Postal Service, with the tongue of the wireless and the tongue of the telegraph, all the suggestions of disorder are spread through the world.