America's Secret War against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1917-1920

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UNC Press Books, Feb 1, 2014 - Political Science - 400 pages
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From the Russian revolutions of 1917 to the end of the Civil War in 1920, Woodrow Wilson's administration sought to oppose the Bolsheviks in a variety of covert ways. Drawing on previously unavailable American and Russian archival material, David Foglesong chronicles both sides of this secret war and reveals a new dimension to the first years of the U.S.-Soviet rivalry. Foglesong explores the evolution of Wilson's ambivalent attitudes toward socialism and revolution before 1917 and analyzes the social and cultural origins of American anti-Bolshevism. Constrained by his espousal of the principle of self-determination, by idealistic public sentiment, and by congressional restrictions, Wilson had to rely on secretive methods to affect the course of the Russian Civil War. The administration provided covert financial and military aid to anti-Bolshevik forces, established clandestine spy networks, concealed the purposes of limited military expeditions to northern Russia and Siberia, and delivered ostensibly humanitarian assistance to soldiers fighting to overthrow the Soviet government. In turn, the Soviets developed and secretly funded a propaganda campaign in the United States designed to mobilize public opposition to anti-Bolshevik activity, promote American-Soviet economic ties, and win diplomatic recognition from Washington.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Development of a Wilsonian Style of Intervention
11
The Origins of American AntiBolshevism
24
Keeping Faith with Russia Ambassador Boris Bakhmeteff and US Efforts to Restore Democracy
47
The British Connection American Covert Aid to AntiBolsheviks in South Russia 19171918
76
American Intelligence Gathering Propaganda and Covert Action in Revolutionary Russia
106
American Intervention in Siberia 19181920 The Search for AntiBolshevik Nuclei and Strong Men
143
Fighting but Not a War American Intervention in North Russia 19181919
188
Food as a Weapon against Bolshevism American Humanism Intervention in the Baltic Region 1919
231
The Struggle against Intervention Soviet Policy toward America 19171920
272
Conclusion
293
Notes
299
Bibliography
347
Index
371
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Page 1 - All the impulses of mankind are thrown out upon the air and reach to the ends of the earth; quietly upon steamships, silently under the cover of the Postal Service, with the tongue of the wireless and the tongue of the telegraph, all the suggestions of disorder are spread through the world.

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About the author (2014)

David S. Foglesong is assistant professor of history at Rutgers University.

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