Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation
Dr. J. Bruce Amstutz, U.S. charge d1affaires in Kabul from 1977 to 1980, begins his treatment of the first five years of Soviet occupation with an historical overview of years of Russian meddling in Afghan affairs. He follows this account with a first-hand report of the 1979 invasion, and analyzes the intervention from political, military, and economic perspectives. Important issues are: Afghan political factions, leaders, the human rights and refugee problems, diplomatic efforts to settle conlict, and Soviet measures to repress the Afghans. Photos.
Afghan Information Centre Afghan resistance Afghanistan Afghanistan Forum Ahmed Shah Massoud American Amin Amnesty International April areas arms Asia Daily Report Babrak government Babrak Karmal Babrak regime Badakhshan border Bradsher communist Daoud December diplomatic DRA army East/North Africa Report East/South Asia Report Embassy faction FBIS South Asia February forces Foreign Minister Gailani ghan Girardet guerrilla bands guerrilla commander Gulbuddin Hafizullah Amin Hazarajat Herat Ibid insurgency Interview Iran Islamic January JPRS Near East/South July June Kabul Radio Kabul University Keshtmand KHAD Khalqis leaders leftist March Massoud million Ministry Mohammad Moscow mujahidin November October officers organization Pakistan Panjshir Valley Parchamis Paris PDPA percent Peshawar Peshawar-based Politburo political President prisoners province Rabbani Radio Liberty resistance groups Russian September Shah South Asia Daily Soviet intervention Soviet invasion Soviet military Soviet occupation Soviet soldiers Soviet troops Soviet Union Soviet-DRA Sultan Ali Keshtmand Taraki Taraki-Amin tion United USSR viet Washington Post Western
Page 42 - And when external and internal forces hostile to socialism try to turn the development of a given socialist country in the direction of restoration of the capitalist system, when a threat arises to the cause of socialism in that country - a threat to the security of the socialist commonwealth as a whole - this is no longer merely a problem for that country's people, but a common problem, the concern of all socialist countries.
Page 358 - In case of aggression against Pakistan, the Government of the United States of America, in accordance with the Constitution of the United States of America, will take such appropriate action, including the use of armed forces, as may be mutually agreed upon and as is envisaged in the Joint Resolution to Promote Peace and Stability in the Middle East, in order to assist the Government of Pakistan at its request.
Page 6 - The policy and practice of the Russian Government has always been to push forward its encroachments as fast and as far as the apathy or want of firmness of other Governments would allow it to go, but always to stop and retire when it was met with decided resistance, and then to wait for the next favourable opportunity to make another spring on its intended victim.
Page 5 - Asia the lawful influence to which Russia has a right, and which alone can insure the maintenance of peace. This is the purpose of the present expedition, and as soon as it shall be attained, and an order of things conformable to the interests of Russia and the neighbouring Asiatic states shall be established on a permanent footing...
Page 358 - The Government of Pakistan is determined to resist aggression. In case of aggression against Pakistan, the Government of the United States of America, in accordance with the Constitution of the United States of America, will take such appropriate action, including the use of armed forces, as may be mutually agreed upon and...
Page 5 - It invariably happens in such cases that the interests of security on the frontier, and of commercial relations, compel the more civilised state to exercise a certain ascendancy over neighbours whose turbulence and nomad instincts render them difficult to live with.
Page 5 - The position of Russia in Central Asia is that of all civilized States which are brought into contact with half-savage, nomad populations, possessing no fixed social organization.
Page 46 - The High Contracting Parties, acting in the spirit of the traditions of friendship and good-neighbourliness as well as the UN Charter, shall consult each other and take by agreement appropriate measures to ensure the security, independence, and territorial integrity of the two countries.
Page 207 - If the Soviets could consolidate their hold on Afghanistan, the balance of power in the entire region would be drastically modified in their favor, and they might be tempted toward further aggression.
Page 208 - Afghan resistance with the weaponry of modern guerrilla warfare. . . . The result is an emerging antiSoviet alliance — the United States, China, Pakistan, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia that ... is effectively countering the most blatant Soviet aggression of the postwar era.