An Introduction to Theories of Personality
This introduction to the theories of personality introduces readers not only to the rich history of psychology but to practical information that helps them understand their own lives and their relationships with other people. Using a theorist-by-theorist approach, the book summarizes the major theories of personality and emphasizes that the best understanding of personality derives from a variety of viewpoints. Thus, theories representing the psychoanalytic, sociocultural, trait, learning, sociological, and existential-humanistic paradigms are offered as different--yet equally valid--ways of approaching the study of personality. Includes a series of experiential exercises. What Is Personality? Sigmund Freud. Carl Jung. Alfred Adler. Karen Horney. Erik H. Erikson. Gordon Allport. Raymond B. Cattell and Hans J. Eysenck. B. F. Skinner. John Dollard and Neal Miller. Albert Bandura and Walter Mischel. Edward O. Wilson. George Kelly. Carl Rogers. Abraham Maslow. Rollo Reese May. For anyone wanting a comprehensive understanding of personality and individual differences.
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ONE What Is Personality? l
Instincts and Their Characteristics
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According Adler adult aggression Alfred Adler Allport analysis anticathexis approach-avoidance conflict Bandura basic anxiety become believed biological called Cattell Cattell's cause chapter characterized child collective unconscious complex concept conflict construct system culture describe determined Dollard and Miller dream ego psychology Erikson example exists experiences fact factor factor analysis fear feelings female Freud Freudian function goal healthy Homey Horney human behavior important individual influence Jung Jung's Kelly Kelly's learning lifestyle lives male Maslow mother motivation negative neurotic object occurs Oedipal complex one's organism parents patient personality theory positive problems psyche psychoanalysis psychology psychosexual stage psychotherapy reinforcement relationship religion repressed response ritualization Rogers self-actualization self-efficacy sexual situation Skinner Skinner box social cognitive theory sociobiologists source traits stage of development stimulus superego tendency theorists theory of personality therapist therapy thought tion token economies unconscious mind values